UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10−Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended: December 31, 2018

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ____________ to _____________

 

Commission File Number: 000-55925

 

AERKOMM INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   46-3424568
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

923 Incline Way, #39, Incline Village, NV 89451

(Address of principal executive offices, Zip Code)

 

(877) 742-3094

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

  

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
  Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company
      Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for comply with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

 

As of February 13, 2019, there were 9,247,272 shares of the registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding. This number reflects a reverse split in the ratio of 1 for 5 effective January 16, 2019.

 

 

 

 

 

 

AERKOMM INC.

 

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

Period Ended December 31, 2018

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements 1
Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 22
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 31
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures 31
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.    Legal Proceedings 32
Item 1A.  Risk Factors 32
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 32
Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities 32
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures 32
Item 5.    Other Information 32
Item 6.    Exhibits 33

 

i

 

 

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

AERKOMM INC.

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  Page
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 (unaudited) and March 31, 2018 2
   
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Nine Month Periods Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited) 3
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Month Period Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited) 4
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 5

 

1

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018

 

   December 31,
2018
   March 31,
2018
 
   (unaudited)     
Assets        
Current Assets        
Cash  $88,309   $58,237 
Accounts receivable   1,745,000    - 
Inventories   -    208,674 
Prepaid expenses   1,479,123    362,602 
Other receivable   2,616    427,291 
Temporary deposit – related party   100,067    - 
Other current assets   11,336    1,202 
Total Current Assets   3,426,451    1,058,006 
Property and Equipment          
Cost   2,715,543    407,501 
Accumulated depreciation   (322,049)   (119,782)
    2,393,494    287,719 
Prepayment for land   35,237,127    - 
Prepayment for equipment   54,625    181,250 
Construction in progress   1,311,245    3,254,170 
Net Property and Equipment   38,996,491    3,723,139 
Other Assets          
Intangible asset, net   3,382,500    3,753,750 
Goodwill   1,475,334    1,450,536 
Deposits - related party   2,462    2,542 
Deposits - others   105,447    148,839 
Total Other Assets   4,965,743    5,355,667 
Total Assets  $47,388,685   $10,136,812 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity          
Current Liabilities          
Short-term bank loan  $-   $10,000 
Short-term loan - related parties   -    325,040 
Accounts payable   1,650,000    - 
Accrued expenses   412,165    881,214 
Other payable - related parties   949,298    1,299,578 
Other payable - others   2,956,488    2,264,637 
Total Current Liabilities   5,967,951    4,780,469 
Restricted stock deposit liability   1,000    14 
Total Liabilities   5,968,951    4,780,483 
Commitments          
Stockholders’ Equity          
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018   -    - 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 90,000,000 shares authorized, 9,098,090 shares (excluding 149,162 unvested restricted shares) issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018; 90,000,000 shares authorized, 8,289,947 shares (excluding 2,072 unvested restricted shares) issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2018   45,490    41,418 
Additional paid in capital   56,546,408    13,787,372 
Subscribed capital   -    690,648 
Subscriptions receivable   -    (559,608)
Accumulated deficits   (15,292,128)   (8,602,971)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   119,964    (530)
Total Stockholders’ Equity   41,419,734    5,356,329 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $47,388,685   $10,136,812 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

For the Three-Month and Nine-Month Periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

(Unaudited)

 

   Three Month Period Ended December 31,   Nine Month Period Ended December 31, 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Revenue                
Net sales  $-   $-   $1,730,000   $- 
Service income   -    -    15,000    - 
Total Revenue   -    -    1,745,000    - 
                     
Cost and Expenses                    
Cost of sales   -    -    1,661,849    - 
Operating expenses   1,926,898    2,411,618    6,645,134    6,233,393 
                     
Total Cost and Expenses   1,926,898    2,411,618    8,306,983    6,233,393 
                     
Loss from Operations   (1,926,898)   (2,411,618)   (6,561,983)   (6,233,393)
                     
Net Non-Operating Loss   (133,994)   (1,514)   (127,113)   (1,877)
                     
Loss Before Income Taxes   (2,060,892)   (2,413,132)   (6,689,096)   (6,235,270)
                     
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)   61    (1,370)   61    6,134 
                     
Net Loss   (2,060,953)   (2,411,762)   (6,689,157)   (6,241,404)
                     
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)                    
Change in foreign currency translation adjustments   132,748    142    120,494    (107)
                     
Total Comprehensive Loss  $(1,928,205)  $(2,411,620)  $(6,568,663)  $(6,241,511)
                     
Net Loss Per Common Share:                    
                     
Basic  $(0.2207)  $(0.2919)  $(0.7403)  $(0.7602)
Diluted  $(0.2207)  $(0.2919)  $(0.7403)  $(0.7602)
                     
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding - Basic   9,339,182    8,261,767    9,035,386    8,210,464 
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding - Diluted   9,339,182    8,261,767    9,035,386    8,210,464 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the Nine-Month Periods Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

(Unaudited)

 

   Nine Month Period Ended
December 31,
 
   2018   2017 
Cash Flows From Operating Activities        
Net loss  $(6,689,157)  $(6,241,404)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used for operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   573,541    421,811 
Stock-based compensation   1,147,155    1,740,446 
R&D expenses transferred from inventory and construction in progress   732,828    - 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (1,745,000)   - 
Inventories   -    1,230 
Prepaid expenses   (1,116,521)   (262,878)
Other receivable - related party   -    162,335 
Other receivable - others   424,675    181,278 
Temporary deposit – related party   (100,067)   - 
Other current assets   (10,134)   - 
Deposits - related party   80    6,511 
Deposits - others   43,392    660,132 
Accounts payable   1,650,000    - 
Accrued expenses   (469,049)   450,419 
Other payable - related parties   (350,280)   (2,350,334)
Other payable - others   (695,276)   216,945 
Net Cash Used for Operating Activities   (6,603,813)   (5,013,509)
           
Cash Flows from Investing Activities          
Prepaid investment   -    360,000 
Prepayment on land and satellite equipment   (33,850,000)   - 
Purchase of property and equipment   (762,670)   (273,015)
Acquisitions of goodwill   (24,798)   - 
Net Cash (Used for) Provided by Investing Activities   (34,637,468)   86,985 
           
Cash Flows from Financing Activities          
Proceeds from (Repayment of) short-term bank loan   (10,000)   10,000 
Repayment of short-term loan - related parties   (325,040)   - 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock   41,262,899    2,887,428 
Payment on repurchase of restricted stock   (700)   - 
Proceeds from subscribed capital   -    1,527,513 
Issuance of stock warrant   223,700    30,000 
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities   41,150,859    4,454,941 
           
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash   (90,422)   (471,583)
           
Cash from acquired subsidiaries   -    2,354 
           
Cash, Beginning of Period   58,237    490,840 
           
Foreign Currency Translation Effect on Cash   120,494    (107)
           
Cash, End of Period  $88,309   $21,504 
           
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:          
Cash paid during the period for income taxes  $4,061   $6,239 
Cash paid during the period for interest  $2,008   $131 
           
Non-cash Operating and Financing Activities:          
Restricted stock deposit liability transferred to (from) common stock  $(1,686)  $2,315 
Other payable to related parties transferred to subscribed capital  $-   $2,027,400 
           
Total payment for acquisition of subsidiaries          
Cash  $14,527   $5,704 
Prepaid expenses   4,317    16,500 
Other receivable – related party   43,448    210,259 
Property and equipment - net   -    5,152 
Goodwill   24,798    344,594 
Accrued expenses   -    (60,640)
Other payable   -    (518,219)
           
Total payment for acquisition of subsidiaries  $87,090   $3,350 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 - Organization

 

Aerkomm Inc. (formerly Maple Tree Kids Inc.) (“Aerkomm”) was incorporated on August 14, 2013 in the State of Nevada. Aerkomm was a retail distribution company selling all of its products over the internet in the United States, operating in the infant and toddler products business market.

 

On December 28, 2016, Aircom Pacific Inc. (“Aircom”) purchased 140,000 shares of Aerkomm’s common stock, representing approximately 86.3% of Aerkomm’s issued and outstanding common stock as of the closing date of purchase. As a result of the transaction, Aircom became the controlling shareholder of Aerkomm.

 

On February 13, 2017, Aerkomm entered into a share exchange agreement (“Exchange Agreement”) with Aircom and its shareholders, pursuant to which Aerkomm acquired 100% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Aircom in exchange for approximately 99.7% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Aerkomm (or 87.81% on a fully-diluted basis). As a result of the share exchange, Aircom became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Aerkomm, and the former shareholders of Aircom became the holders of approximately 99.7% of Aerkomm’s issued and outstanding capital stock.

 

Aircom was incorporated on September 29, 2014 under the laws of the State of California.

 

On December 31, 2014, Aircom acquired a newly incorporated subsidiary, Aircom Pacific Ltd. (“Aircom Seychelles”), a corporation formed under the laws of the Republic of Seychelles. Aircom Seychelles was formed to facilitate Aircom’s global corporate structure for both business operations and tax planning. Presently, Aircom Seychelles has no operations. Aircom is working with corporate and tax advisers in finalizing its global corporate structure and has not yet concluded its final plan.

 

On October 17, 2016, Aircom acquired a wholly owned subsidiary, Aircom Pacific Inc. Limited (“Aircom HK”), a corporation formed under the laws of Hong Kong. The purpose of Aircom HK is to conduct Aircom’s business and operations in Hong Kong. Presently, its primary function is business development, both with respect to airlines as well as content providers and advertisement partners based in Hong Kong. Aircom HK is also actively seeking strategic partnerships whom Aircom may leverage in order to provide more and better services to its customers. Aircom also plans to provide local supports to Hong Kong-based airlines via Aircom HK and teleports located in Hong Kong.

 

On December 15, 2016, Aircom acquired a wholly owned subsidiary, Aircom Japan, Inc. (“Aircom Japan”), a corporation formed under the laws of Japan. The purpose of Aircom Japan is to conduct business development and operations located within Japan. Aircom Japan is in the process of applying for, and will be the holder of, Satellite Communication Blanket License in Japan, which is necessary for Aircom to provide services within Japan. Aircom Japan will also provide local supports to airlines operating within the territory of Japan.

 

Aircom Telecom LLC (“Aircom Taiwan”), which became a wholly owned subsidiary of Aircom in December 2017, was organized under the laws of Taiwan on June 29, 2016. During 2017, Aircom advanced a total of $460,000 to Aircom Taiwan, which was not affiliated with Aircom during that time, for working capital, as part of a planned $1,500,000 aggregate equity investment (the “Equity Investment”) in Aircom Taiwan. Before Aircom Taiwan was allowed to issue equity to Aircom, a foreign investor, the Equity Investment must be approved by the Investment Review Committee of the Ministry of Economic affairs of Taiwan (the “Committee”). Aircom entered into an Equity Pre-Subscription Agreement with Aircom Taiwan on August 13, 2017 to memorialize the terms of the Equity Investment. On December 19, 2017, the Committee approved Aircom’s initial Equity Investment (valued as of that date at NT$15,150,000, or approximately US$500,000) and the purchase of the founding owner’s total equity of NT$100,000 (approximately US$3,350). As a result, Aircom Taiwan became a wholly owned subsidiary of Aircom.

 

Aircom Taiwan is responsible for Aircom’s business development efforts and general operations within Taiwan.  We are currently planning to locate the site of our first ground station in Taiwan and we expect that if we raise sufficient funds to move forward with this project (although that cannot be guaranteed), Aircom Taiwan will play a significant role in building and operating that ground station.

 

5

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 - Organization - Continued

 

On June 13, 2018, Aerkomm established a new wholly owned subsidiary, Aerkomm Taiwan Inc. (“Aerkomm Taiwan”), a corporation formed under the laws of Taiwan. The purpose of Aerkomm Taiwan is to purchase a parcel of land for ground station building and operate the ground station for data processing.

 

On November 15, 2018, Aircom Taiwan acquired a wholly owned subsidiary, Beijing Yatai Communication Co., Ltd. (“Aircom Beijing”), a corporation formed under the laws of China. The purpose of Aircom Beijing is to conduct Aircom’s business and operations in China. Presently, its primary function is business development, both with respect to airlines as well as content providers and advertisement partners based in China as most business conducted in China requires a local registered company. Aircom Beijing is also actively seeking strategic partnerships whom Aircom may leverage in order to provide more and better services to its customers. Aircom also plans to provide local supports to China-based airlines via Aircom Beijing and teleports located in China.

 

Aircom and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) are full service providers of in-flight entertainment and connectivity solutions with their initial market in the Asian Pacific region.

 

The Company has not generated significant revenues, excluding non-recurring revenues from affiliates in the second quarter of fiscal 2018, and will incur additional expenses as a result of being a public reporting company. If the Company is unable to obtain additional working capital, the Company’s business may fail. For the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, the Company incurred a comprehensive loss of $6,568,663 and had working capital deficiency of $2,541,500 as of December 31, 2018, which raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Currently, the Company has taken measures that management believes will improve its financial position by financing activities, short-term borrowings and equity contributions.

 

On January 16, 2019, the Company completed a 1-for-5 reverse split of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock, which was completed by the filing of a Certificate of Change Pursuant to NRS 78.209 with the Nevada Secretary of State on December 26, 2018 (see Note 15). All of the references in these financial statements to authorized common stock and issued and outstanding common stock have been adjusted to reflect this reverse split.

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Change in Fiscal Year

 

On March 18, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a change in the Company’s fiscal year end from December 31 to March 31. Year-over-year quarterly financial data continue to be comparative to prior periods as the three months that comprise each fiscal quarter in the new fiscal year are the same as those in the Company’s historical financial statements.

 

Principle of Consolidation

 

Aerkomm consolidates the accounts of its subsidiaries, Aircom, Aircom Seychelles, Aircom HK, Aircom Japan, Aircom Taiwan, Aerkomm Taiwan and Aircom Beijing. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Reclassifications of Prior Period Presentation

 

Certain prior period balance sheet and income statement amounts have been reclassified for consistency with the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the reported results of operations.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash in banks. As of December 31, 2018, there is no balance of cash in bank exceeded the amount insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) for the Company and there is no balance of cash deposited in foreign bank exceeded the amount insured by local deposit insurance.

 

The Company performs ongoing credit evaluation of its customers and requires no collateral. An allowance for doubtful accounts is provided based on a review of the collectability of accounts receivable. The Company determines the amount of allowance for doubtful accounts by examining its historical collection experience and current trends in the credit quality of its customers as well as its internal credit policies. Actual credit losses may differ from management’s estimates.

  

6

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Continued

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are recorded at the lower of weighted-average cost or net realizable value. The Company assesses the impact of changing technology on its inventory on hand and writes off inventories that are considered obsolete. Estimated losses on scrap and slow-moving items are recognized in the allowance for losses. 

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. When value impairment is determined, the related assets are stated at the lower of fair value or book value. Significant additions, renewals and betterments are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred.

 

Depreciation is computed by using the straight-line and double declining methods over the following estimated service lives: ground station equipment – 5 years, computer equipment - 3 to 5 years, furniture and fixtures - 5 years, satellite equipment – 5 years, vehicles – 5 years and lease improvement – 5 years.

 

Construction costs for on-flight entertainment equipment not yet in service are recorded under construction in progress.

 

Upon sale or disposal of property and equipment, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the corresponding accounts, with any gain or loss credited or charged to income in the period of sale or disposal.

 

The Company reviews the carrying amount of property and equipment for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. It determined that there was no impairment loss for the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets

 

The Company’s goodwill represents the amount by which the total purchase price paid exceeded the estimated fair value of net assets acquired from acquisition of subsidiaries. The Company tests goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, or more often if events or circumstances indicate that there may be impairment.

 

Purchased intangible assets with finite life are amortized on the straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of respective assets. Purchased intangible assets with indefinite life are evaluated for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. Purchased intangible asset consists of satellite system software and is amortized over 10 years.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company utilizes the three-level valuation hierarchy for the recognition and disclosure of fair value measurements. The categorization of assets and liabilities within this hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy consist of the following:

 

Level 1 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the instrument.

 

Level 3 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable inputs based upon management’s best estimate of inputs market participants could use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date, including assumptions.

 

The carrying amounts of the Company’s cash, accounts receivable, other receivable, short-term bank loan and other payable approximated their fair value due to the short-term nature of these financial instruments.

 

7

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Continued

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue when performance obligations identified under the terms of contracts with its customers are satisfied, which generally occurs upon the transfer of control in accordance with the contractual terms and conditions of the sale. The Company’s major revenue for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018 was the development of a small cell server terminal which will be utilized in the construction of a satellite-based ground communication system networks. The Company also had minor revenue from providing installation and testing services of a satellite-based ground connectivity system. The majority of the Company’s revenue is recognized at a point in time when product is shipped or service is provided to the customer. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring goods, which includes estimates for variable consideration.

 

Research and Development Costs

 

Research and development costs are charged to operating expenses as incurred. For the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred $1,451,202 and $366,047 of research and development costs, respectively.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are computed for differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future based on enacted tax laws and rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. Income tax expense is the tax payable or refundable for the period plus or minus the change during the period in deferred tax assets and liabilities. Adjustments to prior period’s income tax liabilities are added to or deducted from the current period’s tax provision.

 

The Company follows FASB guidance on uncertain tax positions and has analyzed its filing positions in all the federal, state and foreign jurisdictions where it is required to file income tax returns, as well as all open tax years in those jurisdictions. The Company files income tax returns in the US federal, state and foreign jurisdictions where it conducts business. The Company believes that its income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and does not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Therefore, no reserves for uncertain tax positions have been recorded. The Company does not expect its unrecognized tax benefits to change significantly over the next twelve months.

 

The Company’s policy for recording interest and penalties associated with any uncertain tax positions is to record such items as a component of income before taxes. Penalties and interest paid or received, if any, are recorded as part of other operating expenses in the consolidated statement of operations.

 

Translation Adjustments

 

If a foreign subsidiary’s functional currency is the local currency, translation adjustments will result from the process of translating the subsidiary’s financial statements into the reporting currency of the Company. Such adjustments are accumulated and reported under other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity.

 

8

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Continued

 

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common outstanding during the period increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that would have been outstanding if the potentially dilutive securities had been issued. Potentially dilutive securities include stock warrants and outstanding stock options, shares to be purchased by employees under the Company’s employee stock purchase plan.

 

Subsequent Events

 

The Company has evaluated events and transactions after the reported period up to February 12, 2019, the date on which these consolidated financial statements were available to be issued. All subsequent events requiring recognition as of December 31, 2018 have been included in these consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 3 - Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Financial Instruments

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (“ASU 2016-13”), which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses of certain financial instruments. ASU 2016-13 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements. 

 

Intangibles

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other” (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which goodwill shall be tested at least annually for impairment at a level of reporting referred to as a reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2017-04 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Leases

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases” (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which modifies lease accounting for both lessees and lessors to increase transparency and comparability by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous accounting standards and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the timing of its adoption and the impact of adopting ASU 2016-02 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Income Statement

 

In February 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-02, “Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income” (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which requires deferred tax liabilities and assets to be adjusted for the effect of a change in tax laws or rates with effect included in income from continuing operations in the reporting period that includes the enactment date of Tax Cut and Jobs Act. ASU 2018-02 will be effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the timing of its adoption and the impact of adopting ASU 2018-02 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

9

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 3 - Recent Accounting Pronouncements - Continued

 

Stock Compensation

 

In June 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-07, “Compensation-Stock Compensation” (Topic 718): Improvement of Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which amends the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. ASU 2018-07 will be effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within the fiscal year. The Company is currently evaluating the timing of its adoption and the impact of adopting ASU 2018-07 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 4 - Inventories

 

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, inventories consisted of the following:

 

     December 31,
2018
   March 31, 2018 
     (Unaudited)     
  Satellite equipment for sale under construction  $-   $197,645 
  Parts   -    11,029 
  Supplies   5,273    5,468 
      5,273    214,142 
  Allowance for inventory loss   (5,273)   (5,468)
  Net  $-   $208,674 

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company transferred inventories in the amount of $11,029 to R&D expenses.

 

NOTE 5 - Property and Equipment

 

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the balances of property and equipment were as follows:

 

     December 31,
2018
   March 31,
2018
 
     (Unaudited)     
  Ground station equipment  $1,854,027   $- 
  Satellite equipment   275,410    275,410 
  Computer software and equipment   321,070    122,085 
  Furniture and fixture   33,344    10,006 
  Vehicle   141,971    - 
  Leasehold improvement   89,721    - 
      2,715,543    407,501 
  Accumulated depreciation   (322,049)   (119,782)
  Net   2,393,494    287,719 
  Prepayments - land   35,237,127    - 
  Prepayment for equipment   54,625    181,250 
  Construction in progress   1,311,245    3,254,170 
  Net  $38,996,491   $3,723,139 

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company transferred construction in progress in the amount of $721,799 to R&D expenses.

 

10

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 5 - Property and Equipment - Continued

 

On May 1, 2018, the Company and Aerkomm Taiwan entered into a binding memorandum of understanding with Tsai Ming-Yin (the “Seller”) with respect to the acquisition by Aerkomm Taiwan of a parcel of land located in Taiwan. The land is expected to be used to build a satellite ground station and data center. On July 10, 2018, the Company, Aerkomm Taiwan and the Seller entered into a certain real estate sales contract regarding this acquisition. Pursuant to the terms of the contract, and subsequent amendments on July 30, 2018, September 4, 2018, November 2, 2018 and January 3, 2019, the Company paid to the seller in installments refundable prepayment of $33.85 million as of December 31, 2018. The remaining amount of the purchase price, $624,462, which may also be paid in installments, must be paid in full by the Company and Aerkomm Taiwan in cash before January 4, 2019, which was subsequently extended to July 4, 2019. As of December 31, 2018, the estimated commission payable for the land purchase in the amount of $1,387,127 was recorded to the cost of land.

 

Construction in progress was the payment for the construction of ground station equipment relating to satellite communication system and in-flight system for the Company’s internal use.

 

NOTE 6 - Intangible Asset, Net

 

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the cost and accumulated amortization for intangible asset were as follows:

 

     December 31,
2018
   March 31,
2018
 
     (Unaudited)     
  Satellite system software  $4,950,000   $4,950,000 
  Accumulated amortization   (1,567,500)   (1,196,250)
  Net  $3,382,500   $3,753,750 

 

NOTE 7 - Short-term Bank Loan

 

The Company has an unsecured short-term bank credit line of $10,000, which matured on June 14, 2018, from a local bank with an annual interest rate of 4.75%. The Company repaid the bank loan in full on May 24, 2018.

 

NOTE 8 - Income Taxes

 

Income tax expense (benefit) for the three-month and nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 consisted of the following:

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
   Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
     2018   2017   2018   2017 
  Current:                
  Federal  $61   $-   $61   $3,033 
  State   -    -    -    - 
  Foreign   -    (1,370)   -    3,101 
  Total  $61   $(1,370)  $61   $6,134 

 

11

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 8 - Income Taxes - Continued

 

The following table presents a reconciliation of the Company’s income tax at statutory tax rate and income tax at effective tax rate for the three-month and nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
   Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
     2018   2017   2018   2017 
  Tax benefit at statutory rate  $(432,800)  $(751,766)  $(1,404,700)  $(2,082,820)
  Net operating loss carryforwards (NOLs)   196,400    505,100    1,311,500    1,484,000 
  Stock-based compensation expense   75,800    208,300    240,900    594,800 
  Amortization expense   26,000    (2,800)   (38,400)   30,700 
  Accrued R&D expense   -    -    (168,000)   - 
  Others   134,661    39,796    58,761    (20,546)
  Tax expense (benefit) at effective tax rate  $61   $(1,370)  $61   $6,134 

 

Deferred tax assets (liability) as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 consist of:

 

     December 31,
2018
   March 31,
2018
 
  Net operating loss carryforwards (NOLs)  $5,632,000   $2,339,000 
  Stock-based compensation expense   893,000    566,000 
  Accrued expenses and unpaid payable   184,000    268,000 
  Tax credit carryforwards   68,000    68,000 
  Excess of tax amortization over book amortization   (818,000)   (635,000)
  Others   131,000    235,000 
  Gross   6,090,000    2,841,000 
  Valuation allowance   (6,090,000)   (2,841,000)
  Net  $-   $- 

 

Management does not believe the deferred tax assets will be utilized in the near future; therefore, a full valuation allowance is provided. The net change in deferred tax assets valuation allowance was an increase of $3,249,000 for the nine months ended December 31, 2018.

 

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company had federal NOLs of approximately $19,201,000 and $7,643,000, respectively, available to reduce future federal taxable income, expiring in 2038. As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company had State NOLs of approximately $21,049,000 and $8,985,000, respectively, available to reduce future state taxable income, expiring in 2038.

 

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company has Japan NOLs of approximately $319,000 and $339,000 available to reduce future Japan taxable income, expiring in 2028.

 

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company has Taiwan NOLs of approximately $253,000 and $0 available to reduce future Taiwan taxable income, expiring in 2028. As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company had approximately $37,000 and $37,000 of federal research and development tax credit, available to offset future federal income tax. The credit begins to expire in 2034 if not utilized. As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company had approximately $39,000 and $39,000 of California state research and development tax credit available to offset future California state income tax. The credit can be carried forward indefinitely.

 

The Company’s ability to utilize its federal and state NOLs to offset future income taxes is subject to restrictions resulting from its prior change in ownership as defined by Internal Revenue Code Section 382. The Company does not expect to incur the limitation on NOLs utilization in future annual usage.

 

12

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 9 - Capital Stock

 

1)Preferred Stock:

 

The Company is authorized to issue 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, with par value of $0.001. As of December 31, 2018, there were no preferred stock shares outstanding. The Board of Directors has the authority to issue preferred stock in one or more series, and in connection with the creation of any such series, by resolutions providing for the issuance of the shares thereof, to determine dividends, voting rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences.

 

2)Common Stock:

 

The Company is authorized to issue 90,000,000 shares of common stock, reflecting a reverse split in the ration of 1 for 5 effective January 16, 2019, with par value of $0.001.

 

On February 13, 2017, all of Aircom’s 5,513,334 restricted shares were converted to 2,055,947 shares of Aerkomm’s restricted stock at the ratio of 2.681651 to 1, pursuant to the Exchange Agreement (see Note 1). As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the restricted shares consisted of the following:

 

     December 31, 2018   March 31, 2018 
           
  Restricted stock - vested   1,802,373    2,053,875 
  Restricted stock - unvested   149,162    2,072 
  Total restricted stock   1,951,535    2,055,947 

 

The unvested shares of restricted stock were recorded under a deposit liability account awaiting future conversion to common stock when they become vested. For the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, the reporting for 253,575 shares previously reported as vested was changed to reflect their actual status as unvested shares, to correct an incorrect presentation in previous periods.

 

On May 14, 2018, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with Boustead Securities, LLC (“Boustead”) in connection with the public offering, issuance and sale of up to 1,411,765 shares of the Company’s common stock on a best efforts basis, with a minimum requirement of 117,647 shares, at the public offering price of $8.50 per share, less underwriting discounts, for minimum gross proceeds $5,000,000 and up to a maximum of $60,000,000. As of December 31, 2018, pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company had issued an aggregate of 1,024,963 shares of common stock for gross proceeds of $43,560,894, or net proceeds of $39,810,204.

 

On December 21, 2018, the Company repurchased and cancelled an aggregate of 104,413 unvested shares of restricted common stock for a purchase price of $0.0067 per share.

 

3)Stock Warrant:

 

The Company has entered into a service agreement which provides for the issuance of warrants to purchase shares of its common stock to a service provider as payment for services. The warrants allow the service provider to purchase a number of shares of Aerkomm common stock equal to the service fee value divided by 85% of the share price paid by investors for Aerkomm’s common stock in the first subsequent qualifying equity financing event, at an exercise price of $0.01 per share. For the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, Aerkomm has issued additional stock warrants exercisable for $30,000 in value of Aerkomm common stock to the service provider as payment for additional services. As of December 31, 2018, the Company cumulatively recorded $176,667 as additional paid-in capital in total with respect to these warrants, which is equivalent to 4,891 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

In connection with the Underwriting Agreement with Boustead, the Company agreed to issue to Boustead warrants to purchase a number of the Company’s shares equal to 6% of the gross proceeds of the public offering, which shall be exercisable, in whole or in part, commencing on April 13, 2018 and expiring on the five-year anniversary at an initial exercise price of $53.125 per share, which is equal to 125% of the offering price paid by investors. As of December 31, 2018, the Company issued warrants to Boustead to purchase 61,498 shares of the Company’s stock. 

 

13

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 10 - Major Customer

 

The Company has one major customer, which represents 10% or more of the total sales of the Company for the period. Sales to and account receivable from the customer for the nine-month period ended and as of December 31, 2018 was $1,745,000.

 

NOTE 11 - Major Vendor

 

The Company has one major vendor, which represents 10% or more of the total purchases of the Company for the period. Purchases from and account payable to the vendor for the nine-month period ended and as of December 31, 2018 was $1,650,000.

 

NOTE 12 - Related Party Transactions

 

A.Name of related parties and relationships with the Company:

 

 

Related Party

  Relationship
  Daniel Shih*   Co-founder and former stockholder; Aircom’s CEO and Director between February 13, 2017 and April 26, 2017; Aircom’s CFO between February 13, 2017 and May 5, 2017
  Dmedia Holding LP (“Dmedia”)   23.99% stockholder
  Bummy Wu   Shareholder
  Jeffrey Wun   Shareholder and CEO of Aerkomm and Aircom
  Yih Lieh (Giretsu) Shih   President of Aircom Japan
  Hao Wei Peng   Employee of Aircom Taiwan
  Louis Giordimanina   Employee of Aircom
  Klingon Aerospace, Inc. (“Klingon”)   Daniel Shih was the Chairman from February 2015 to February 2016
  Wealth Wide Int’l Ltd. (“WWI”)   Bummy Wu, a shareholder, is the Chairman
  WISD Intellectual Property Agency, Ltd. (“WISD”)   Patrick Li, Director of Aircom, is the Chairman; Chih-Ming (Albert) Hsu, Director of the Company, is a Director  

 

* Daniel Shih has relinquished “beneficial ownership” of substantially all of his equity interests in the Company (whether held directly or indirectly) in a manner acceptable to the Company. This means that Daniel Shih no longer, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship or otherwise has or shares (i) voting power, which includes the power to vote, or to direct the voting of, securities, and/or (ii) investment power, which includes the power to dispose, or to direct the disposition of, shares of the Company’s common stock, except for a de minimus number of shares of the common stock which will continue to be beneficially owned by him by way of his being a control person in another entity that owns shares of the common stock. Daniel Shih will, however, retain a pecuniary interest in some of the shares of the common stock over which he has relinquished voting and investment power.  Daniel Shih has also removed himself from any and all activities relating to the Company’s business, including, but not limited to managerial, directional, advisory, promotional, developmental and fund-raising activities, effective upon the effectiveness of the registration statement on Form S-1 originally filed with the SEC on December 20, 2017 and declared effective on April 13, 2018, as amended and supplemented to date. Additionally, Barbie Shih (Barbie), Daniel Shih’s wife, was not re-elected to the Company’s board of directors on December 29, 2017. As a result of these events, neither Daniel nor Barbie will maintain any active affiliation with, or material beneficial ownership interest in, the Company.

 

14

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 12 - Related Party Transactions - Continued

 

B.Significant related party transactions:

 

The Company has extensive transactions with its related parties. It is possible that the terms of these transactions are not the same as those which would result from transactions among wholly unrelated parties.

 

a.As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018:

 

     December 31,
2018
   March 31,
2018
 
  Rental deposit to Daniel Shih  $2,462   $2,542 
  Temporary deposit to Bummy Wu1  $100,067   $- 
  Loan from Dmedia2  $-   $325,040 
             
  Other payable to:          
  Klingon3  $762,000   $762,000 
  Jeffrey Wun5   46,236    - 
  Louis Giordimanina   6,071    135,973 
  Daniel Shih4   13,444    132,305 
  Yih Lieh (Giretsu) Shih5   15,497    81,752 
  WWI6   39,224    38,241 
  Others5   66,826    149,307 
  Total  $949,298   $1,299,578 

 

  1. In November 2018, Aircom HK’s bank account was temporarily frozen by its local bank in Hong Kong (the “HK bank”) due to Aircom HK’s failure to timely submit to the HK bank corporate documentation relating to the corporate organization and goodstanding of Aircom HK’s parent company, Aircom, and Aircom’s parent company, Aerkomm. To avoid a potential cash flow issue resulting from this temporary account freeze, Aircom HK withdrew $100,067 in cash from the HK bank and temporarily deposited it in an existing related party’s bank account at a different bank for safe keeping. The Aircom HK’s bank account with the HK bank was reactivated by the HK bank subsequently and the cash that was transferred to the related party’s account was redeposited into Aircom HK’s bank account at the HK bank in February 2019.

 

2.Represents short-term loan from Dmedia.  This short-term loan has an expiration date of January 30, 2019 and an annual interest rate of 3%. The Company repaid the short-term loan in full on June 14, 2018.

 

3.On March 9, 2015, the Company entered into a 10-year purchase agreement with Klingon. In accordance with the terms of this agreement, Klingon agreed to purchase from the Company an initial order of onboard equipment comprising an onboard system for a purchase price of $909,000, with payments to be made in accordance with a specific milestones schedule. As of December 31, 2018, the Company received $762,000 from Klingon in milestone payments towards the equipment purchase price. Since the project might not be successful, the Company reclassified the balance from customer prepayment to other payable due to uncertainty.

 

4.The amount as of March 31, 2018 represents payable to employees as a result of regular operating activities, while the amount as of December 31, 2018 represents rental payable.

 

5.Represents payable to employees as a result of regular operating activities.

 

6.Represents rent for a warehouse in Hong Kong to store the Company’s hardware.

 

15

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 12 - Related Party Transactions - Continued

 

b.For the three-month and nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

     Three Months Ended
December 31,
   Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
     2018   2017   2018   2017 
  Consulting expense paid to Louis Giordimanina  $-   $-   $87,275   $- 
  Legal expense paid to WISD   -    -    10,779    - 
  Rental expense charged by Daniel Shih   3,881    3,864    11,811    20,232 
  Rental expense charged by WWI   11,446    1,350    27,486    3,150 
  Interest expense charged by Dmedia   -    -    1,915    - 

 

On May 25, 2018, Mr. Louis Giordimanina was converted from a consultant to a full-time employee and was appointed as Chief Operating Officer – Aviation. The consulting expense paid for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018 in the amount of $87,275 represents the consulting services provided prior to the conversion.

 

Aircom Japan entered into a lease agreement with Daniel Shih, between August 1, 2014 and July 31, 2016, which was renewed on July 31, 2018. Pursuant to the terms of this lease agreement, Aircom Japan pays Daniel Shih a rental fee of approximately $1,200 per month.

 

Aircom engaged WISD to handle its filing of patent and trademark applications.

 

The Company has a lease agreement with WWI with monthly rental cost of $450. The lease term was from June 1, 2017 to May 31, 2018 and the lease was not renewed.

 

NOTE 13 - Stock Based Compensation

 

In March 2014, Aircom’s Board of Directors adopted the 2014 Stock Option Plan (the “Aircom 2014 Plan”). The Aircom 2014 Plan provided for the granting of incentive stock options and non-statutory stock options to employees, consultants and outside directors of Aircom. On February 13, 2017, pursuant to the Exchange Agreement, Aerkomm assumed the options of Aircom 2014 Plan and agreed to issue options for an aggregate of 1,088,882 shares to Aircom’s stock option holders.

 

One-third of stock option shares will be vested as of the first anniversary of the time the option shares are granted or the employee’s acceptance to serve the Company, and 1/36th of the shares will be vested each month thereafter. Option price is determined by the Board of Directors. The Aircom 2014 Plan became effective upon its adoption by the Board and shall continue in effect for a term of 10 years unless sooner terminated under the terms of Aircom 2014 Plan.

 

On May 5, 2017, the Board of Directors of Aerkomm adopted the Aerkomm Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Aerkomm 2017 Plan” and together with the Aircom 2015 Plan, the “Plans”)) and the reservation of 1,000,000 shares of common stock for issuance under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan. On June 23, 2017, the Board of Directors voted to increase the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 2,000,000 shares. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan provides for the granting of incentive stock options and non-statutory stock options to employees, consultants and outside directors of the Company, as determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors (or, prior to the establishment of the Compensation Committee on January 23, 2018, the Board of Directors).

 

16

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 13 - Stock Based Compensation - Continued

 

On June 23, 2017, the Board of Directors agreed to issue options for an aggregate of 291,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to certain officers and directors of the Company. The option agreements are classified into three types of vesting schedule, which includes, 1) 1/6 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 1/60 for the next 60 months on the same day of the month as the vesting start date; 2) 1/4 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 1/36 for the next 36 months on the same day of the month as the vesting start date; 3) 1/3 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the first anniversary of vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 50% each year for the next two years on the same day of the month as the vesting start date.

 

On July 31, 2017, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 109,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 11 of its employees. 1/3 of these shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the first anniversary of vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 50% each year for the next two years on the same day of the month as the vesting start date.

 

On December 29, 2017, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options were vested immediately upon issuance.

 

On June 19, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved to issue options for 32,000 and 30,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to two of the Company executives. One-fourth of the 32,000 shares subject to the option shall vest on May 1, 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022, respectively. One-third of the 30,000 shares subject to the option shall vest on May 29, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively.

 

On December 29, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options were vested immediately upon issuance.

 

Option price is determined by the Compensation Committee. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan has been adopted by the Board and shall continue in effect for a term of 10 years unless sooner terminated under the terms of Aerkomm 2017 Plan. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan was approved by the Company’s stockholders on March 28, 2018. 

 

Valuation and Expense Information

 

Measurement and recognition of compensation expense based on estimated fair values is required for all share-based payment awards made to its employees and directors including employee stock options. The Company recognized compensation expense of $360,821 and $612,611 for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $1,147,155 and $1,740,447 for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, related to such employee stock options.

 

Determining Fair Value

 

Valuation and amortization method

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing-model to estimate the fair value of stock options granted on the date of grant or modification and amortizes the fair value of stock-based compensation at the date of grant on a straight-line basis for recognizing stock compensation expense over the vesting period of the option.

 

17

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 13 - Stock Based Compensation - Continued

 

Expected term

 

The expected term is the period of time that granted options are expected to be outstanding. The Company uses the SEC’s simplified method for determining the option expected term based on the Company’s historical data to estimate employee termination and options exercised.

 

Expected dividends

 

The Company does not plan to pay cash dividends before the options are expired. Therefore, the expected dividend yield used in the Black-Scholes option valuation model is zero.

 

Expected volatility

 

Since the Company has no historical volatility, it used the calculated value method which substitutes the historical volatility of a public company in the same industry to estimate the expected volatility of the Company’s share price to measure the fair value of options granted under the Plans.

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

The Company based the risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes option valuation model on the market yield in effect at the time of option grant provided in the Federal Reserve Board’s Statistical Releases and historical publications on the Treasury constant maturities rates for the equivalent remaining terms for the Plans.

 

Forfeitures

 

The Company is required to estimate forfeitures at the time of grant and revises those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Company uses historical data to estimate option forfeitures and records share-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest.

 

The Company used the following assumptions to estimate the fair value of options granted in 2018 and 2017 under the Plans as follows:

 

  Assumptions    
  Expected term   3 - 5 years 
  Expected volatility   40.11% - 61.78%
  Expected dividends   0%
  Risk-free interest rate   0.71% - 2.99%
  Forfeiture rate   0% - 5%

 

18

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 13 - Stock Based Compensation - Continued

 

Aircom 2014 Plan

 

A summary of the number of shares, weighted average exercise price and estimated fair value of options for Aircom 2014 Plan as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 was as follows:

 

     Number of Shares   Weighted Average Exercise Price Per Share   Weighted Average Fair Value Per Share 
  Options outstanding at April 1, 2017   1,088,882   $0.8087   $0.2542 
  Granted   -    -    - 
  Exercised   (3,936)   0.0067    0.0019 
  Forfeited/Cancelled   (152,684)   3.2749    1.0296 
  Options outstanding at March 31, 2018   932,262    0.4081    0.1282 
  Granted   -    -    - 
  Exercised   -    -    - 
  Forfeited/Cancelled   -    -    - 
  Options outstanding at December 31, 2018   932,262    0.4081    0.1282 
                  
  Options exercisable at March 31, 2018   681,587    0.2200    0.0690 
                  
  Options exercisable at December 31, 2018   846,287    0.3660    0.1150 

 

A summary of the status of nonvested shares under Aircom 2014 Plan as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 was as follows:

 

     Number of Shares  

Weighted
Average
Exercise Price

Per Share

 
  Options nonvested at April 1, 2017   568,629   $1.4349 
  Granted   -    - 
  Vested   (165,270)   0.5215 
  Forfeited/Cancelled   (152,684)   3.2749 
  Options nonvested at March 31, 2018   250,675    0.9163 
  Granted   -    - 
  Vested   (164,700)   0.5748 
  Forfeited/Cancelled   -    - 
  Options nonvested at December 31, 2018   85,975    0.7305 

 

19

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 13 - Stock Based Compensation - Continued

 

Aerkomm 2017 Plan

 

A summary of the number of shares, weighted average exercise price and estimated fair value of options under Aerkomm 2017 Plan as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 were as follows:

 

      Number of Shares     Weighted Average Exercise Price Per Share     Weighted Average Fair Value Per Share  
  Options outstanding at April 1, 2017     -     $ -     $ -  
  Granted     412,000       29.5771       17.7006  
  Exercised     -       -       -  
  Forfeited/Cancelled     (207,000     27.5000       16.4610  
  Options outstanding at March 31, 2018     205,000       31.6744       18.9522  
  Granted     78,000       19.7462       9.2500  
  Exercised     -       -       -  
  Forfeited/Cancelled     -       -       -  
  Options outstanding at December 31, 2018     283,000       28.3867       16.2781  
                           
  Options exercisable at March 31, 2018     40,875       28.2339       17.5839  
                           
  Options exercisable at December 31, 2018     111,589       28.7052       16.5968  

 

A summary of the status of nonvested shares under Aerkomm 2017 Plan as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

  Number of Shares    

Weighted
Average
Exercise Price

Per Share

 
  Options nonvested at April 1, 2017     -     $ -  
  Granted     412,000       29.5771  
  Vested     (88,875 )     27.8376  
  Forfeited/Cancelled     (159,000 )     27.5000  
  Options nonvested at March 31, 2018     164,125       32.5312  
  Granted     78,000       19.7462  
  Vested     (70,714 )     28.9777  
  Forfeited/Cancelled     -       -  
  Options nonvested at December 31, 2018     171,411       28.1794  

 

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, there were approximately $2,174,000 and $1,756,000, respectively, of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested share-based compensation arrangements granted under the Plans. Total unrecognized compensation cost will be adjusted for future changes in estimated forfeitures. The Company expects to recognize that cost over a weighted average period of 1 - 5 years. 

 

20

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 14 - Commitments

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company’s significant commitments with non-related parties and contingency are summarized as follows:

 

1)The Company’s lease for its office in Fremont, California expires in May 2020. Rental expense for the three-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were $19,338 and $19,338, respectively, and were $58,014 and $54,653 for the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. As of December 31, 2018, future minimum lease payment is $77,352 for the next twelve-month period ending December 31, 2019.

 

2)The Company has another lease for its Japan office expiring June 2020. Rental expense for the three-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were $10,854 and $8,642, respectively, and were $28,578 and $30,475 for the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. As of December 31, 2018, future minimum lease payment obligation is $35,572, including the 8% Japan consumption tax, for the next twelve-month period ending December 31, 2019.

 

3)The Company assumed a lease for its Taiwan office expiring October 31, 2018 as a result of the acquisition of Aircom Taiwan. Rental expense was approximately $21,897 and $0 for the three-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and were $66,589 and $0 for the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Aircom Taiwan is currently negotiating a renewal on the contract although there can be no assurance that a renewal lease will be signed on terms acceptable to the Company if at all. As of December 31, 2018, future minimum lease payment obligation is estimated to be approximately $88,206 for the next twelve-month period ending December 31, 2019.

 

4)On June 20, 2018, the Company entered into a Cooperation Framework Agreement with Shenzhen Yihe Culture Media Co., Ltd. (“Yihe”), the authorized agent of Guangdong Tengnan Internet, pursuant to which Yihe will promote the development of strategic cooperation between the Company and Guangdong Tengnan Internet. Specifically, Yihe agreed to assist the Company with public relations and advertising, such as market and brand promotion, as well as brand recognition in China (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan), including but not limited to news dissemination, creative planning and support of campaigns, financial public relations and internet advertising. More specifically, Yihe will help the Company develop a working application of the WeChat Pay payment solution as well as WeChat applets applicable for Chinese users and relating to cell phone and WiFi connectivity on airplanes, and Yihe will assist the Company in integrating other Tencent internet-based original product offerings. As compensation, the Company agreed to pay Yihe RMB 8 million (approximately US$1.2 million), with RMB 2,000,000 (approximately US$309,000) paid on June 29, 2018 and the remaining RMB 6,000,000 (approximately US$927,000) to be paid by August 15, 2018. However, the Company is currently working with Yihe to postpone the project as well as the remaining payment, although there can be no assurance that a postponement will be agreed upon on terms acceptable to the Company if at all.

 

NOTE 15 - Subsequent Events

 

Reverse Split

 

On January 16, 2019, the Company completed a 1-for-5 reverse split of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock (the “Reverse Split”), which was completed by the filing of a Certificate of Change Pursuant to NRS 78.209 (the “Certificate of Change”) with the Nevada Secretary of State on December 26, 2018. All of the references in these financial statements to authorized common stock and issued and outstanding common stock reflect the Reverse Split.

 

The Reverse Split was duly approved by the Board of Directors of the Company without stockholder approval, in accordance with the authority conferred by Section 78.207 of the Nevada Revised Statutes. The Certificate of Change also decreased the authorized number of shares of the Company’s common stock from 450,000,000 shares to 90,000,000 shares, effective as of December 26, 2018.

 

Pursuant to the Reverse Split, holders of the Company’s common stock are deemed to hold one (1) post-split share of the Company’s common stock for every five (5) shares of the Company’s common stock held. No fractional shares were issued in connection with the Reverse Split. Stockholders entitled to a fractional post-split share received in lieu thereof one (1) whole post-split share.

 

Change in Fiscal Year

 

On February 12, 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a change in the Company’s fiscal year end from March 31 to December 31. The Company will file a transition report on Form 10-KT to cover the transition period from April 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018.

 

21

 

 

ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

Use of Terms

 

Except as otherwise indicated by the context and for the purposes of this report only, references in this report to “we,” “us,” “our,” or “our company” are to the combined business of Aerkomm Inc., a Nevada corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries, including Aircom Pacific, Inc., a California corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary, or Aircom; Aircom Pacific Ltd., a Republic of Seychelles company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Aircom; Aircom Pacific Inc. Limited, a Hong Kong company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Aircom; Aircom Japan, Inc., a Japanese company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Aircom; and Aircom Telecom LLC, a Taiwanese company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Aircom, Aircom Taiwan, or Aircom Beijing.

 

Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

 

Certain information contained in this report includes forward-looking statements. The statements herein which are not historical reflect our current expectations and projections about our future results, performance, liquidity, financial condition, prospects and opportunities and are based upon information currently available to us and our interpretation of what is believed to be significant factors affecting the businesses, including many assumptions regarding future events. The following factors, among others, may affect our forward-looking statements:

 

our future financial and operating results;

 

our intentions, expectations and beliefs regarding anticipated growth, market penetration and trends in our business;

 

our ability to attract and retain customers;

 

our dependence on growth in our customers’ businesses;

 

the effects of changing customer needs in our market;

 

the effects of market conditions on our stock price and operating results;

 

our ability to successfully complete the development, testing and initial implementation of our product offerings;

 

our ability to maintain our competitive advantages against competitors in our industry;

 

our ability to timely and effectively adapt our existing technology and have our technology solutions gain market acceptance;

 

our ability to introduce new offerings and bring them to market in a timely manner;

 

our ability to maintain, protect and enhance our intellectual property;

 

the effects of increased competition in our market and our ability to compete effectively;

 

our expectations concerning relationship with customers and other third parties;

 

the attraction and retention of qualified employees and key personnel;

 

future acquisitions of our investments in complementary companies or technologies; and

 

our ability to comply with evolving legal standards and regulations.

 

Forward-looking statements, which involve assumptions and describe our future plans, strategies, and expectations, are generally identifiable by use of the words “may,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” or “project” or the negative of these words or other variations on these words or comparable terminology. Actual results, performance, liquidity, financial condition, prospects and opportunities could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements as a result of various risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the ability to raise sufficient capital to continue our operations. Actual events or results may differ materially from those discussed in forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including, without limitation, the risks outlined under “Risk Factors” included in our Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended and supplemented to date (file no. 333-222208), and matters described in this report generally. In light of these risks and uncertainties, there can be no assurance that the forward-looking statements contained in this report will in fact occur.

 

Potential investors should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Except as expressly required by the federal securities laws, there is no undertaking to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or any other reason.

 

The specific discussions herein about our company include financial projections and future estimates and expectations about our business. The projections, estimates and expectations are presented in this report only as a guide about future possibilities and do not represent actual amounts or assured events. All the projections and estimates are based exclusively on our management’s own assessment of our business, the industry in which we work and the economy at large and other operational factors, including capital resources and liquidity, financial condition, fulfillment of contracts and opportunities. The actual results may differ significantly from the projections.

 

Potential investors should not make an investment decision based solely on our company’s projections, estimates or expectations. 

22

 

 

Overview

 

With advanced technologies and a unique business model, we, as a service provider of in-flight entertainment and connectivity, or IFEC, solutions, intend to provide airline passengers with a broadband in-flight experience that encompasses a wide range of service options. Such options include Wi-Fi, cellular, movies, gaming, live TV, and music. We plan to offer these core services, which we are currently still developing, through both built-in in-flight entertainment systems, such as a seat-back display, as well as on passengers’ personal devices. We also expect to provide content management services and e-commerce solutions related to our IFEC solutions.

 

We plan to partner with airlines and offer airline passengers free IFEC services. We expect to generate revenue through advertising and in-flight transactions. We believe that this is an innovative approach that differentiates us from existing market players.

 

To complement and facilitate our planned IFEC service offerings, we intend to build satellite ground stations and related data centers within the geographic regions where we expect to be providing IFEC airline services.

 

Agreement with Airbus

 

In furtherance of a memorandum of understanding signed in March 2018 between Aircom and Airbus SAS, a company organized under the laws of France, or Airbus, on November 30, 2018, Aircom and Airbus entered into an agreement pursuant to which Airbus will develop and certify a complete solution allowing the installation of our “AERKOMM®K++” system on Airbus’ single aisle aircraft family including the Airbus A319/320/321, for both current engine option and new engine option models. Airbus will also apply for and obtain, on behalf of our company, a Supplemental Type Certificate, or STC, from the European Aviation Safety Agency, or EASA, as well as from the United States Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA, for the retrofit system. It is anticipated that the Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement between EASA and Civil Aviation Administration of China, or CAAC, will be finalized and go into effect in 2019. If the Bilateral Agreement is finalized in its present form, the STC approved by EASA will automatically be accepted by CAAC. This would significantly reduce the cost and time required for us to launch our business with China based customers.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, Airbus agreed to provide Aircom with the retrofit solution which will include the Service Bulletin and the material kits including the update of technical and operating manuals pertaining to the aircraft and provision of aircraft configuration control. The timeframe for the completion and testing of this retrofit solution, including the certification, is approximate 12 months from the Airbus/Aircom purchase order issued in August 2018, although there is no guarantee that the project will be successfully completed in the projected timeframe. Once the projected is completed, Aircom, or Airbus on behalf of Aircom, will be able to commence installation of the AERKOMM®K++ system on aircraft.

 

We believe that this agreement with Airbus will provide us with several competitive advantages. Most importantly, a number of airlines, and in particular aircraft lessors, will accept only Service Bulletins issued by the aircraft manufacturers for the retrofit installation of any system on board their aircraft. Our agreement with Airbus ensures that our system will meet this requirement, although it does not guarantee that airlines or aircraft lessors will purchase our AERKOMM®K++ system.

 

Product Purchase Agreement with Republic Engineers

 

On November 30, 2018, Aircom Taiwan entered into a product purchase agreement with Republic Engineers Pte. Ltd., a Singapore private limited company, or Republic Engineers, pursuant to which Republic Engineers has agreed to purchase from Aircom Telecom shipsets of the “AERKOMM®K++” system being developed by Aircom. Each shipset of the AERKOMM®K++ system, embodied and produced by Airbus, will constitute a complete IFEC solution ready for installation on certain types of Airbus aircraft. Under the terms of the product purchase agreement, Republic Engineers has committed to purchase a minimum of 10 shipsets of the AERKOMM®K++ system. Republic Engineers has the option to purchase up to 30 additional shipsets, subject to Aircom Taiwan’s acceptance of the additional purchase orders. Aircom Taiwan expects to commence delivering AERKOMM®K++ system to Republic Engineers in the third quarter of 2019.

 

Business Development

 

We are actively working with prospective airline customers to provide services to their passengers utilizing the Airbus certified AERKOMM®K++ system. We have entered into non-binding memoranda of understanding with a number of airlines, including Air Malta Airlines of Malta, PanAfriqiyah of Malta, and Onur Air of Turkey. There can be no assurances, however, that these will lead to actual purchase agreements.

 

In view of the increasing demand by the airlines for a bigger data throughput, during the course of discussions between us and Airbus, we have revised our strategy to focus primarily on Ka-band IFEC solutions for airlines and have suspended work on our dual band satellite inflight connectivity solution. The Ku-band system will, however, still be retained for other product applications such as remote locations and maritime use.

 

In connection with the Airbus project, we also identified owners of Airbus Corporate Jet, or ACJ, as potential customers of our AERKOMM®K++ system. ACJ customers, however, would not generate enough internet traffic to make our free-service business model viable. To capitalize on this additional market, we plan to sell our AERKOMM®K++ system hardware for installation on ACJ corporate jets and provide connectivity through subscription based plans. This new corporate jet market would generate additional revenue and income for our company. We are currently in advanced discussions with a number of ACJ customers, some of whom have more than one aircraft in their fleets.

 

23

 

 

Our AERKOMM®K++ System

 

Following the course of discussions between us and Airbus and in view of the increasing demand by the airlines for a bigger data throughput, we have revised our strategy to focus primarily on Ka-band satellite connectivity solutions for aviation customers and have suspended work on our dual band satellite connectivity solution. Our AERKOMM®K++ system will operate through Ka/Ka High Throughput Satellites. The Ku-band system will, however, still be retained for the other applications such as remote locations and maritime use.

 

Our AERKOMM®K++ system will contain a low profile radome (that is, a dome or similar structure protecting our radio equipment) containing two Ka-band antennas, one for transmitting and the other for receiving, and will comply with the ARINC 791 standard of Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated. Our AERKOMM®K++ system also meets Airbus Design Organization Approval.

 

GEO (Geostationary Earth Orbiting) and LEO (Low Earth Orbiting) Ka-band Satellites

 

Our initial AERKOMM®K++ system will work only with geostationary earth orbiting, or GEO, Ka-band satellites. Performance of GEO satellites diminishes greatly in the areas near the Earth’s poles. Only low earth orbiting, or LEO, satellites can collect high quality data over the North and South poles. We are developing technologies to work with LEO satellites and plans to partner with Airbus to develop aircraft installation solutions. As new GEO and LEO Ka-band satellites are being regularly launched over the next few years, which, we expect, will enable the provision of worldwide aircraft coverage, we plan to have the necessary technology ready to take advantage of this new trend in Ka-band aviation connectivity, although it cannot assure you that it will be successful in this new area of endeavor.

 

Ground-based Satellite System Sales

 

Since our acquisition of Aircom Taiwan in December 2017, this wholly owned subsidiary has been developing ground-based satellite connectivity components which have an application in remote regions that lack regular affordable ground-based communications. In September, 2018, Aircom Taiwan consummated its first sale of such a component, a small cell server terminal, in the amount of $1,730,000. This server terminal will be utilized by the purchaser in the construction of a satellite-based ground communication system which will act as a multicast service extension of existing networks. The system is designed to extend local existing networks, such as ISPs and mobile operators, into rural areas and create better coverage and affordable connectivity in these areas. Aircom Taiwan expects to sell additional satellite connectivity components, systems and services to be used in ground mobile units in the future, although there can be no assurances that it will be successful in these endeavors.

 

In addition, in September 2018, Aircom Taiwan provided installation and testing services of a satellite-based ground connectivity system to a remote island resort and received service income related to this project in the amount of $15,000. Upon the completion of this system’s testing phase, and assuming that the system operates satisfactorily, Aircom Taiwan expects to begin to sell this system to multiple, remotely located resorts. We can make no assurances at this time however, that this system will operate satisfactorily, that we will be successful in introducing this system as a viable product offering or that we will be able to generate any additional revenue from the sale and deployment of this system.

 

Principal Factors Affecting Financial Performance

 

We believe that our operating and business performance is driven by various factors that affect the commercial airline industry, including trends affecting the travel industry and trends affecting the customer bases that we target, as well as factors that affect wireless Internet service providers and general macroeconomic factors. Key factors that may affect our future performance include:

 

our ability to enter into and maintain long-term business arrangements with airline partners, which depends on numerous factors including the real or perceived availability, quality and price of our services and product offerings as compared to those offered by our competitors;

 

the extent of the adoption of our products and services by airline partners and customers;

 

costs associated with implementing, and our ability to implement on a timely basis, our technology, upgrades and installation technologies;

 

costs associated with and our ability to execute our expansion, including modification to our network to accommodate satellite technology, development and implementation of new satellite-based technologies, the availability of satellite capacity, costs of satellite capacity to which we may have to commit well in advance, and compliance with regulations;

 

costs associated with managing a rapidly growing company;

 

24

 

 

the number of aircraft in service in our markets, including consolidation of the airline industry or changes in fleet size by one or more of our commercial airline partners;

 

the economic environment and other trends that affect both business and leisure travel;

 

continued demand for connectivity and proliferation of Wi-Fi enabled devices, including smartphones, tablets and laptops;

 

our ability to obtain required telecommunications, aviation and other licenses and approvals necessary for our operations; and

 

changes in laws, regulations and interpretations affecting telecommunications services and aviation, including, in particular, changes that impact the design of our equipment and our ability to obtain required certifications for our equipment.

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. As a result, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements. For so long as we are an emerging growth company, we will not be required to:

 

have an auditor report on our internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

 

comply with any requirement that may be adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements (i.e., an auditor discussion and analysis);

 

submit certain executive compensation matters to shareholder advisory votes, such as “say-on-pay” and “say-on-frequency;” and

 

disclose certain executive compensation related items such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the CEO’s compensation to median employee compensation.

 

In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, for complying with new or revised accounting standards.

 

In other words, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Our financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

 

We will remain an “emerging growth company” for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our total annual gross revenues exceed $1 billion, (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, which would occur if the market value of our shares of common stock that are held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three year period.

 

25

 

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

The following table sets forth key components of our results of operations during the three-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

   Three Months Ended December 31,   Change 
   2018   2017   $   % 
Revenue                    
Net sales  $-   $-   $-    - 
Service income   -    -    -    - 
Total revenue   -    -    -    - 
Cost and expenses                    
Cost of sales   -    -    -    - 
Operating expenses   1,926,898    2,411,618    (484,720)   (20.1)%
Total cost and expenses   1,926,898    2,411,618    (484,720)   (20.1)%
Loss from operations   (1,926,898)   (2,411,618)   484,720    (20.1)%
Net non-operating loss   (133,994)   (1,514)   (132,480)   8,750.3%
Loss before income taxes   (2,060,892)   (2,413,132)   352,240    (14.6)%
Income tax expense (benefit)   61    (1,370)   1,431    (104.5)%
Net loss   (2,060,953)   (2,411,762)   350,809    (14.5)%
Other comprehensive loss                    
Change in foreign currency translation adjustments   132,936    142    132,683    93,438.6%
Total comprehensive loss  $(1,928,128)  $(2,411,620)  $483,492    (20.0)%

 

Revenue. Our total revenue was $0 and $0 for the three-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017. Our sales of ground-based satellite connectivity server terminal and remote island resort ground antenna connectivity service income in the last quarter did not repeat in this quarter as our customer has been implementing and aligning the server with its infrastructure.

 

Cost of sales. Our cost of sales includes the direct costs of our raw materials and component parts, as well as the cost of labor and overhead. Our cost of sales was $0 and $0 for the three-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 as there were no sales in these periods.

 

Operating expenses. Our operating expenses consist primarily of compensation and benefits, professional advisor fees, research and development expenses, cost of promotion, business development, business travel, transportation costs, and other expenses incurred in connection with general operations. Our operating expenses decreased by $484,720 to $1,926,898 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, from $2,411,618 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2017. Such decrease was mainly due to a decrease in investor relation fees, stock-based compensation expense and the consulting fees of $578,986, $251,791 and $590,703, respectively, which was offset by an increase in research and development expense, payroll and related expenses, and depreciation expenses of $663,032, $115,855 and $113,437, respectively. The decrease in consulting fee was mainly related to the decrease in fair value of warrants issued to our underwriter for the public offering.

 

Net non-operating loss. We had $133,994 in net non-operating loss for the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, as compared to net non-operating loss of $1,514 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2017. Net non-operating loss in the three-month period ended December 31, 2018 represents loss on foreign exchange of $125,339, while net non-operating income in the three-month period ended December 31, 2017 includes a foreign exchange translation gain of $1,463.

 

Loss before income taxes. Our loss before income taxes decreased by $352,240 to $2,060,892 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, from a loss of $2,413,132 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2017, as a result of the factors described above.

 

Income tax expense. Income tax expense was $61 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, as compared to a tax benefit of $1,370 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2017.

 

Total comprehensive loss. As a result of the cumulative effect of the factors described above, our total comprehensive loss decreased by $483,492 to $1,928,128 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, from $2,411,620 for the three-month period ended December 31, 2017.

 

26

 

 

Comparison of Nine Months Ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

The following table sets forth key components of our results of operations during the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

   Nine Months Ended December 31,   Change 
   2018   2017   $   % 
Revenue                
Net sales  $1,730,000   $-   $1,730,000    100.0%
Service income   15,000    -    15,000    100.0%
Total revenue   1,745,000    -    1,745,000    100.0%
Cost and expenses                    
Cost of sales   1,661,849    -    1,661,849    100.0%
Operating expenses   6,645,134    6,233,393    441,741    6.6%
Total cost and expenses   8,306,983    6,233,393    2,073,590    33.3%
Loss from operations   (6,561,983)   (6,233,393)   (328,590)   5.3%
Net non-operating loss   (127,113)   (1,877)   (125,236)   6,672.0%
Loss before income taxes   (6,689,096)   (6,235,270)   (453,825)   7.3%
Income tax expense   61    6,134    (6,073)   (99.0)%
Net loss   (6,689,157)   (6,241,404)   (447,753)   7.2%
Other comprehensive loss                    
Change in foreign currency translation adjustments   120,494    (107)   120,061    (112,711.1)%
Total comprehensive loss  $(6,568,663)  $(6,241,511)  $(327,152)   5.2%

 

Revenue. Our total revenue was $1,745,000 and $0 for the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017. Such revenue represents sales of ground-based satellite connectivity server terminal in the amount of $1,730,000 and remote island resort ground antenna connectivity service income in the amount of $15,000.

 

Cost of sales. Our cost of sales was $1,661,849 and $0 for the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017. The cost of sales represents the cost of computer server module sold by Aircom Taiwan.

 

Operating expenses. Our operating expenses increased by $441,741 to $6,645,134 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, from $6,233,393 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017. Such increase was mainly due to an increase in consulting fees, research and development expense, payroll and related expenses and depreciation expense of $244,107, $628,534, $321,854 and $144,881, respectively, which was offset by a decrease in investor relation fees and stock-based compensation expense of $289,036 and $593,292, respectively.

 

Net non-operating loss. We had $127,113 in net non-operating loss for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, as compared to net non-operating loss of $1,877 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017. Net non-operating income in the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018 represents interest expense of $2,004 and loss on foreign exchange of $125,340, while net non-operating loss in the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017 represents loss on foreign exchange of $2,712, which offset by an other income of $963.

 

Loss before income taxes. Our loss before income taxes increased by $453,825 to $6,689,096 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, from a loss of $6,235,270 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017, as a result of the factors described above.

 

Income tax expense. Income tax expense was $61 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, as compared to $6,134 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017.

 

Total comprehensive loss. As a result of the cumulative effect of the factors described above, our total comprehensive loss increased by $327,152 to $6,568,663 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, from $6,241,511 for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources 

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had cash and cash equivalents of $88,309. To date, we have financed our operations primarily through cash proceeds from financing activities, short-term borrowings and equity contributions by our stockholders. 

 

The following table provides detailed information about our net cash flow:  

 

Cash Flow

 

   Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
   2018   2017 
Net cash used for operating activities  $(6,603,813)  $(5,013,509)
Net cash used for investing activity   (34,637,468)   86,985
Net cash provided by financing activity   41,150,859    4,454,941 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (90,422)   (471,583)
Cash from acquired subsidiaries   -    2,354 
Cash at beginning of period   58,237    490,840 
Foreign currency translation effect on cash   120,494    (107)
Cash at end of period  $88,309   $21,504 

 

Operating Activities 

 

Net cash used for operating activities was $6,603,813 for the nine months ended December 31, 2018, as compared to $5,013,509 for the nine months ended December 31, 2017. In addition to the net loss of $6,689,157, the increase in net cash used for operating activities during the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018 was mainly due to increase in accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, decrease in accrued expenses, other payable – related parties, and other payable of $1,745,000, $1,116,521, $469,049, $350,280 and $695,648, respectively, offset by the increase in accounts payable and other receivable – others of $1,650,000 and $424,675, respectively. In addition to the net loss of $6,241,404, the increase in net cash used for operating activities during the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017 was mainly due to increase in prepaid expenses and decrease in other payable – related parties of $262,878 and $2,350,334, respectively, offset by the decrease in deposits - others, increase in accrued expenses, and other payable – others of $660,132, $450,419 and $216,945, respectively. 

 

Investing Activities 

 

Net cash used for and provided by investing activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 was $34,637,468 as compared to $86,985 for the nine months ended December 31, 2017. The net cash used for investing activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 was mainly due to the $33.85 million prepayment toward the purchase of a parcel of land to build our first satellite ground station and data center. We also used $762,670 for the purchase of property and equipment. The net cash used for investing activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2017 was mainly due to the decrease in prepaid investment and acquisition of property and equipment of $360,000 and $273,015, respectively.  

 

Financing Activities 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $41,150,859 and $4,454,941, respectively. Net cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 were mainly attributable to net proceeds from the issuance of our common stock through the ongoing public offering in the amount of $41,262,899, offset by the repayment of short-term bank loan and short-term loans from affiliates in the amount $10,000 and $325,040, respectively. Net cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2017 were mainly attributable to issuance of our common stock and proceeds from subscribed capital in the amount of $2,887,428 and $1,527,513, respectively.

 

On May 14, 2018, we entered into an underwriting agreement with Boustead Securities, LLC in connection with the public offering, issuance and sale of up to 1,411,765 shares of our common stock on a best efforts basis, with a minimum requirement of 117,647 shares, at the public offering price of $8.50 per share, less underwriting discounts, for minimum gross proceeds $5,000,000 and up to a maximum of $60,000,000. We also granted Boustead Securities, LLC an over-subscription option, exercisable on or prior to the offering termination date to extend the offering for an additional 45 days, pursuant to which we may sell up to 211,764 additional shares of the common stock at the public offering price, less underwriting discounts. The material terms of this offering are described in the prospectus, dated May 14, 2018, filed by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, on May 14, 2018 pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act. This offering is registered with the SEC pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended and supplemented to date (File No. 333-222208), initially filed by us on December 20, 2017.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we held 11 closings of this offering, pursuant to which we issued and sold an aggregate of 1,024,963 shares of common stock for gross proceeds of approximately $43.6 million, or net proceeds of approximately $39.8 million after underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses payable by us. Additional closings of this offering may be held from time to time until the offering’s current termination date, April 4, 2019. 

 

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Currently available working capital will not be adequate to sustain our operations at our current levels for the next twelve months. We expect to satisfy our working capital requirements over the next twelve months through the sale of equity or debt securities. However, we do not have any commitment from any third-party to invest in our company or otherwise acquire any of our equity or debt securities and there can be no assurances that we will be able to secure any such commitments. Furthermore, even if we successfully raise sufficient capital to satisfy our needs over the next twelve months, in the future, we will require additional cash resources due to changed business conditions, implementation of our strategy to expand our business or other investments or acquisitions we may decide to pursue. If our own financial resources are insufficient to satisfy our capital requirements, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain additional credit facilities, although there can be no assurances that we will be successful in these efforts. The sale of additional equity securities could result in dilution to our stockholders. The incurrence of indebtedness would result in increased debt service obligations and could require us to agree to operating and financial covenants that would restrict our operations. Financing may not be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all. Any failure by us to raise additional funds on terms favorable to us, or at all, could limit our ability to expand our business operations and could harm our overall business prospects. 

 

The Company has not generated significant revenues, excluding non-recurring revenues from affiliates in the second quarter of fiscal 2018, and will incur additional expenses as a result of being a public reporting company. If the Company is unable to obtain additional working capital, the Company’s business may fail. For the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018, the Company incurred a comprehensive loss of $6,568,663 and had working capital deficiency of $2,541,500 as of December 31, 2018, which raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Currently, the Company has taken measures that management believes will improve its financial position by financing activities, short-term borrowings and equity contributions.

 

Capital Expenditures

 

Our operations continue to require significant capital expenditures primarily for technology development, equipment and capacity expansion. Capital expenditures are associated with the supply of airborne equipment to our prospective airline partners, which correlates directly to the roll out and/or upgrade of service to our prospective airline partners’ fleets. Capital spending is also associated with the expansion of our network, ground stations and data centers and includes design, permitting, network equipment and installation costs.

 

Capital expenditures for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were $36,005,372 and $1,037,183, respectively.

 

We anticipate an increase in capital spending in our fiscal year ended March 31, 2019 and estimate that capital expenditures will range from $6 million to $60 million as we begin airborne equipment installations and continue to execute our expansion strategy.

 

Inflation

 

Inflation and changing prices have not had a material effect on our business and we do not expect that inflation or changing prices will materially affect our business in the foreseeable future. However, our management will closely monitor price changes in our industry and continually maintain effective cost control in operations.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity or capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to an investor in our securities.

 

Seasonality

 

Our operating results and operating cash flows historically have not been subject to significant seasonal variations. This pattern may change, however, as a result of new market opportunities or new product introductions.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires our management to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported, including the notes thereto, and related disclosures of commitments and contingencies, if any. We have identified certain accounting policies that are significant to the preparation of our financial statements. These accounting policies are important for an understanding of our financial condition and results of operation. Critical accounting policies are those that are most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and require management’s difficult, subjective, or complex judgment, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. Certain accounting estimates are particularly sensitive because of their significance to financial statements and because of the possibility that future events affecting the estimate may differ significantly from management’s current judgments. We believe the following critical accounting policies involve the most significant estimates and judgments used in the preparation of our financial statements:

 

Revenue Recognition. We recognize revenue when performance obligations identified under the terms of contracts with our customers are satisfied, which generally occurs upon the transfer of control in accordance with the contractual terms and conditions of the sale. Our major revenue for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2018 was the development of a small cell server terminal which will be utilized in the construction of a satellite-based ground communication system networks. We also had minor revenue from providing installation and testing services of a satellite-based ground connectivity system. The majority of our revenue is recognized at a point in time when product is shipped or service is provided to the customer. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods, which includes estimates for variable consideration.

 

Inventories. Inventories are recorded at the lower of weighted-average cost or net realizable value. We assess the impact of changing technology on our inventory on hand and writes off inventories that are considered obsolete. Estimated losses on scrap and slow-moving items are recognized in the allowance for losses.

 

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Research and Development Costs. Research and development costs are charged to operating expenses as incurred. For the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, we incurred approximately $1,451,202 and $764,168 of research and development costs, respectively.

 

Property and Equipment. Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. When value impairment is determined, the related assets are stated at the lower of fair value or book value. Significant additions, renewals and betterments are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is computed by using the straight-line and double declining method over the following estimated service lives: computer equipment - 3 to 5 years, furniture and fixtures - 5 years, satellite equipment – 5 years, vehicles – 5 years and lease improvement – 5 years. Construction costs for on-flight entertainment equipment not yet in service are recorded under construction in progress. Upon sale or disposal of property and equipment, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the corresponding accounts, with any gain or loss credited or charged to income in the period of sale or disposal. We review the carrying amount of property and equipment for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. We determined that there was no impairment loss for the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets. Goodwill represents the amount by which the total purchase price paid exceeded the estimated fair value of net assets acquired from acquisition of subsidiaries. We test goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, or more often if events or circumstances indicate that there may be impairment. Purchased intangible assets with finite life are amortized on the straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of respective assets. Purchased intangible assets with indefinite life are evaluated for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. Purchased intangible asset consists of satellite system software and is amortized over 10 years.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments. We utilize the three-level valuation hierarchy for the recognition and disclosure of fair value measurements. The categorization of assets and liabilities within this hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy consist of the following:

 

Level 1 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the instrument.

 

Level 3 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable inputs based upon management’s best estimate of inputs market participants could use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date, including assumptions.

 

The carrying amounts of our cash, accounts receivable, other receivable, short-term loans, accounts payable, and other payable approximated their fair value due to the short-term nature of these financial instruments.

 

Translation Adjustments.  If a foreign subsidiary’s functional currency is the local currency, translation adjustments will result from the process of translating the subsidiary’s financial statements into the reporting currency of our company. Such adjustments are accumulated and reported under other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholder’s equity.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Financial Instruments. In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments”, which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses of certain financial instruments. ASU 2016-13 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-13 on our consolidated financial statements. 

 

Intangibles. In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other” (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which goodwill shall be tested at least annually for impairment at a level of reporting referred to as a reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2017-04 on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Leases. In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases” (Topic 842), which modifies lease accounting for both lessees and lessors to increase transparency and comparability by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous accounting standards and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the timing of adoption and the impact of adopting ASU 2016-02 on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Income Statement. In February 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-02, “Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income” (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which required deferred tax liabilities and assets to be adjusted for the effect of a change in tax laws or rates with effect included in income from continuing operations in the reporting period that includes the enactment date of Tax Cut and Jobs Act. ASU 2018-02 will be effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently evaluating the timing of adoption and the impact of adopting ASU 2018-02 on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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Stock Compensation. In June 2018, FASB issued ASU 2018-07, “Compensation-Stock Compensation” (Topic 718): Improvement of Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which amends the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. ASU 2018-07 will be effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within the fiscal year. We are currently evaluating the timing of adoption and the impact of adopting ASU 2018-07 on our consolidated financial statements.

 

ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4.CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Disclosure controls and procedures refer to controls and other procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As required by Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act, our management has carried out an evaluation, with the participation and under the supervision of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as of December 31, 2018.

 

Based upon, and as of the date of this evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer determined that, because of the material weaknesses described in Item 9A “Controls and Procedures” of our Transition Report on Form 10-KT filed on April 30, 2018 for the transition period from January 1, 2018 through March 31, 2018 and further referenced below, which we are still in the process of remediating as of December 31, 2018, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

We regularly review our system of internal control over financial reporting and make changes to our processes and systems to improve controls and increase efficiency, while ensuring that we maintain an effective internal control environment. Changes may include such activities as implementing new, more efficient systems, consolidating activities, and migrating processes.

 

During its evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018, our management identified the following material weaknesses:

 

We do not have sufficient and skilled accounting personnel with an appropriate level of technical accounting knowledge and experience in the application of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States commensurate with our financial reporting requirements. To mitigate the current limited resources and limited employees, we rely heavily on the use of external legal and accounting professionals.

 

As disclosed in our Transition Report on Form 10-KT filed on April 30, 2018, our management has identified the steps necessary to address the material weaknesses, and in the quarter ended December 31, 2018, we continued to implement the following remedial procedures:

 

On November 5, 2018, we added a staff accountant with a CPA and technical accounting expertise to further support our current accounting personnel. As necessary, we will continue to engage consultants or outside accounting firms in order to ensure proper accounting for our consolidated financial statements.

 

We intend to complete the remediation of the material weakness discussed above as soon as practicable but we can give no assurance that we will be able to do so. Designing and implementing an effective disclosure controls and procedures is a continuous effort that requires us to anticipate and react to changes in our business and the economic and regulatory environments and to devote significant resources to maintain a financial reporting system that adequately satisfies our reporting obligations. The remedial measures that we have taken and intend to take may not fully address the material weakness that we have identified, and material weaknesses in our disclosure controls and procedures may be identified in the future. Should we discover such conditions, we intend to remediate them as soon as practicable. We are committed to taking appropriate steps for remediation, as needed.

 

All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Other than in connection with the implementation of the remedial measures described above, there were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during quarter ended December 31, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

There were no material developments during the quarter ended December 31, 2018 to the legal proceedings previously disclosed in Item 3 “Legal Proceedings” of our Transition Report on Form 10-KT filed on April 30, 2018.

 

ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS.

 

For information regarding risk factors, please refer to our prospectus dated May 14, 2018 contained in our Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to our Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the SEC on May 3, 2018, and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 14, 2018.

  

ITEM 2.UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

We have not sold any equity securities during the quarter ended December 31, 2018 that were not previously disclosed in a current report on Form 8-K that was filed during the quarter.

 

During the quarter ended December 31, 2018, we repurchased the following shares of our common stock:

 

Period  Total number of shares (or units) purchased   Average price paid per share (or unit)   Total number of shares (or units) purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programs   Maximum number (or approximate dollar value) of shares (or units) that may yet be purchased under the plans or programs 
October 1-October 31   -    -    -    - 
November 1-November 30   -    -    -    - 
December 1-December 31   104,413    0.0067    -    - 
TOTAL   104,413    0.0067    -    - 

 

On December 21, 2018, we repurchased an aggregate of 104,413 unvested shares of our restricted common stock for a purchase price of $0.0067 per share.

 

ITEM 3.DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

 

None.

 

ITEM 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5.OTHER INFORMATION.

 

We have no information to disclose that was required to be in a report on Form 8-K during the quarter ended December 31, 2018 but was not reported. There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to our board of directors.

 

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ITEM 6.EXHIBITS.

 

Exhibit No.   Description
2.1   Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated September 26, 2013, between Aerkomm Inc. and Maple Tree Kids LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on November 5, 2013)
2.2   Form of Share Exchange Agreement, dated February 13, 2017, among Aerkomm Inc., Aircom Pacific, Inc. and the shareholders of Aircom Pacific, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 14, 2017)
3.1   Restated Articles of Incorporation of Aerkomm Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 4, 2017)
3.2   Certificate of Change Pursuant to NRS 78.209 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 16, 2019)
3.3   Restated Bylaws of Aerkomm Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Form 8A-12G filed on April 19, 2018)
10.1   Product Purchase Agreement, dated November 30, 2018, between Republic Engineers Pte. Ltd. and Aircom Telecom LLC (Confidential Treatment has been Requested) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 13, 2018)
10.2   Agreement, dated November 29, 2018, between Airbus SAS and Aircom Pacific, Inc. for AERKOMM®K++ Band System Certification and Installation (Confidential Treatment has been Requested) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 6, 2018)
10.3   Amendment No. 2 to Underwriting Agreement, dated November 5, 2018, between Aerkomm Inc. and Boustead Securities, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 1.3 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on November 5, 2018)
10.4   Amendment No. 3 to Real Estate Sales Contract, dated November 2, 2018, by and between Aerkomm Inc. and Tsai Ming-Yin (Official Chinese Version) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on November 5, 2018)
10.5   Amendment No. 3 to Real Estate Sales Contract, dated November 2, 2018, by and between Aerkomm Inc. and Tsai Ming-Yin (Unofficial English Translation) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on November 5, 2018)
31.1*   Certifications of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2*   Certifications of Principal Financial and Accounting Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2*   Certification of Principal Financial and Accounting Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

 

*Filed herewith

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: February 19, 2019 AERKOMM INC.
   
  /s/ Jeffrey Wun
  Name: Jeffrey Wun
  Title:   Chief Executive Officer
  (Principal Executive Officer)
   
  /s/ Y. Tristan Kuo
  Name: Y. Tristan Kuo
  Title:   Chief Financial Officer
  (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

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