UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10−Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended: June 30, 2021

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ____________ to _____________

 

Commission File Number: 000-55925

 

AERKOMM INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   46-3424568
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

44043 Fremont Blvd., Fremont, CA 94538

(Address of principal executive offices, Zip Code)

 

(877) 742-3094

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

  

 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which
registered
None   N/A   N/A

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
  Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company
      Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for comply with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

  

As of August 19, 2021, there were 9,637,051 shares of the registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

AERKOMM INC.

 

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

Period Ended June 30, 2021

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements 1
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 27
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 38
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 38
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 40
Item 1A. Risk Factors 40
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 40
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 40
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 40
Item 5. Other Information 40
Item 6. Exhibits 41

 

i

 

 

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

AERKOMM INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  Page
   
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2021 (unaudited) and December 31, 2020 2
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three-Month and Six-Month Periods Ended June 30, 2021 (unaudited) and 2020 (unaudited) 3
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Six-Month Periods Ended June 30, 2021 (unaudited) and 2020 (unaudited) 4
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six-Month Periods Ended June 30, 2021 (unaudited) and 2020 (unaudited) 5
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 6

 

1

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)     
Assets        
Current Assets        
Cash  $40,487   $584,591 
Short-term investment   60,493    87,154 
Inventories, net   6,807,797    5,211,427 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   1,992,959    1,637,195 
Total Current Assets   8,901,736    7,520,367 
Long-term Investment   3,709,042    4,305,556 
Property and Equipment          
Cost   2,787,510    2,806,420 
Accumulated depreciation   (1,681,178)   (1,414,191)
    1,106,332    1,392,229 
Prepayment for land   35,861,589    35,861,589 
Prepayment for equipment   86,617    86,617 
Net Property and Equipment   37,054,538    37,340,435 
Other Assets          
Restricted cash   3,210,000    3,210,000 
Intangible asset, net   2,145,000    2,392,500 
Goodwill   1,475,334    1,475,334 
Right-of-use assets, net   279,414    353,442 
Deposits   117,914    119,436 
Total Other Assets   7,227,662    7,550,712 
Total Assets  $56,892,978   $56,717,070 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity          
Current Liabilities          
Short-term loans  $1,544,759   $527,066 
Accounts payable   1,874,339    1,874,339 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   6,621,781    4,695,000 
Prepayment from customer - current   1,611,357    - 
Long-term loan - current   10,732    10,171 
Lease liability – current   417,437    357,880 
Total Current Liabilities   12,080,405    7,464,456 
Long-term Liabilities          
Long-term bonds payable   9,313,753    9,218,094 
Long-term loan – non-current   23,713    29,034 
Lease liability – non-current   112,409    210,443 
Prepayment from customer – non-current   762,000    762,000 
Restricted stock deposit liability   1,000    1,000 
Total Long-Term Liabilities   10,212,875    10,220,571 
Total Liabilities   22,293,280    17,685,027 
Commitments   
 
    
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity          
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020   
-
    
-
 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 90,000,000 shares authorized, 9,487,889 shares (excluding 149,162 unvested restricted shares) issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020   9,488    9,488 
Additional paid in capital   74,622,712    73,160,616 
Accumulated deficits   (38,147,860)   (32,383,833)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (1,884,642)   (1,754,228)
Total Stockholders’ Equity   34,599,698    39,032,043 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $56,892,978   $56,717,070 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

For the Three-Month and Six-Month Periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

    Three-Month Period
Ended June 30,
    Six-Month Period
Ended June 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
                         
Net Sales   $ 72,000     $
-
    $ 72,000     $
-
 
                                 
Cost of Sales     43,878      
-
      43,878      
-
 
                                 
Gross Profit     28,122      
-
      28,122      
-
 
                                 
Operating Expenses     1,996,515       2,686,549       5,167,514       4,642,594  
                                 
Loss from Operations     (1,968,393 )     (2,686,549 )     (5,139,392 )     (4,642,594 )
                                 
Non-Operating Income (Loss)                                
                                 
Foreign currency exchange gain     512,418       536,461       141,914       215,760  
Unrealized investment income (loss)     (18,742 )     20,514       (643,480 )     (60,170 )
Other income (loss), net     (61,210 )     8,379       (119,800 )     2,567  
                                 
Net Non-Operating Income (Loss)     432,466       565,354       (621,366 )     158,157  
                                 
Loss before Income Taxes     (1,535,927 )     (2,121,195 )     (5,760,758 )     (4,484,437 )
                                 
Income Tax Expense     (26 )     11       3,269       3,263  
                                 
Net Loss     (1,535,901 )     (2,121,206 )     (5,764,027 )     (4,487,700 )
                                 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)                                
Change in foreign currency translation adjustments     (524,181 )     (571,592 )     (130,414 )     (227,817 )
                                 
Total Comprehensive Loss   $ (2,060,082 )   $ (2,692,798 )   $ (5,894,441 )   $ (4,715,517 )
                                 
Net Loss Per Common Share:                                
                                 
Basic   $ (0.1594 )   $ (0.2223 )   $ (0.5981 )   $ (0.4704 )
Diluted   $ (0.1594 )   $ (0.2223 )   $ (0.5981 )   $ (0.4704 )
                                 
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding - Basic     9,637,051       9,540,891       9,637,051       9,540,891  
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding - Diluted     9,637,051       9,540,891       9,637,051       9,540,891  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

For the Three-Month and Six-Month Periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

   Common Stock   Additional
Paid in
   Accumulated   Accumulated Other Comprehensive   Total Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficits   Income   Equity 
Balance as of January 1, 2020   9,391,729   $9,392   $69,560,529   $(23,271,687)  $(482,639)  $45,815,595 
Stock compensation expense   -    
-
    464,827    
-
    
-
    464,827 
Revaluation of stock warrant   -    
-
    (66,200)   
-
    
-
    (66,200)
Other comprehensive income   -    
-
    
-
    
-
    343,775    343,775 
Net loss for the period   -    
-
    
-
    (2,366,494)   
-
    (2,366,494)
Balance as of March 31, 2020 (Unaudited)   9,391,729   $9,392   $69,959,156   $(25,638,181)  $(138,864)  $44,191,503 
                               
Stock compensation expense   -    
-
    448,987    
-
    
-
    448,987 
Revaluation of stock warrant   -    
-
    455,500    
-
    
-
    455,500 
Other comprehensive loss   -    
-
    
-
    
-
    (571,592)   (571,592)
Net loss for the period   -    
-
    
-
    (2,121,206)   
-
    (2,121,206)
Balance as of June 30, 2020 (unaudited)   9,391,729   $9,392   $70,863,643   $(27,759,387)  $(710,456)  $42,403,192 

 

   Common Stock   Additional
Paid in
   Accumulated   Accumulated Other Comprehensive   Total Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficits   Income (Loss)   Equity 
Balance as of January 1, 2021   9,487,889   $9,488   $73,160,616   $(32,383,833)  $(1,754,228)  $39,032,043 
Stock compensation expense   -    
-
    1,680,365    
-
    
-
    1,680,365 
Revaluation of stock warrant   -    
-
    (355,600)   
-
    
-
    (355,600)
Other comprehensive income   -    
-
    
-
    
-
    393,767    393,767 
Net loss for the period   -    
-
    
-
    (4,228,126)   
-
    (4,228,126)
Balance as of March 31, 2021 (Unaudited)   9,487,889   $9,488   $74,485,381   $(36,611,959)  $(1,360,461)  $36,522,449 
                               
Stock compensation expense   -    
-
    179,331    
-
    
-
    179,331 
Revaluation of stock warrant   -    
-
    (42,000)   
-
    
-
    (42,000)
Other comprehensive loss   -    
-
    
-
    
-
    (524,181)   (524,181)
Net loss for the period   -    
-
    
-
    (1,535,901)   
-
    (1,535,901)
Balance as of June 30, 2021 (Unaudited)   9,487,889   $9,488   $74,622,712   $(38,147,860)  $(1,884,642)  $34,599,698 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. 

 

4

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the Six-Month Period ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
    2021     2020  
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
Cash Flows from Operating Activities            
Net loss   $ (5,764,027 )   $ (4,487,700 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used for operating activities:                
Depreciation and amortization     515,984       521,126  
Stock-based compensation     1,859,696       913,814  
Consulting expense adjustment from change in fair value of warrants     (397,600 )     389,300  
Unrealized losses on trading security     643,480       60,170  
Amortization of bonds issuance costs     95,659      
-
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable    
-
      451,130  
Inventories     (1,575,436 )     (1,811,443 )
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     (355,764 )     90,401  
Deposits     1,522       (200 )
Accounts payable    
-
      961,610  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities     1,908,033       1,280,837  
Prepayment from customer     1,611,357       -  
Operating lease liability     38,715       107,020  
Net Cash Used for Operating Activities     (1,418,381 )     (1,523,935 )
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities                
Purchase of trading security     (877 )     (157,756 )
Purchase of property and equipment     (3,521 )     (28,924 )
Purchase of long-term investment     (680 )    
-
 
Net Cash Used for Investing Activities     (5,078     (186,680 )
                 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities                
Proceeds from short-term loans     1,017,693       1,385,411  
Payment on long-term loan     (4,760 )     (3,568 )
Payment on finance lease liability     (3,164 )     (5,926 )
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities     1,009,769       1,375,917  
                 
Net Decrease in Cash and Restricted Cash     (413,690 )     (334,698 )
                 
Cash and Restricted Cash, Beginning of Period     3,794,591       976,829  
                 
Foreign Currency Translation Effect on Cash     (130,414 )     (227,817 )
                 
Cash and Restricted Cash, End of Period   $ 3,250,487     $ 414,314  
                 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:                
Cash paid during the period for income taxes   $ 3,269     $ 1,651  
Cash paid during the period for interest   $ 18,679     $ 3,373  
                 
Cash and Restricted Cash:                
Cash   $ 40,487     $ 346,570  
Restricted cash     3,210,000       67,744  
Total   $ 3,250,487     $ 414,314  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. 

 

5

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 1 - Organization

 

Aerkomm Inc. (formerly Maple Tree Kids Inc.) (“Aerkomm”) was incorporated on August 14, 2013 in the State of Nevada. Aerkomm was a retail distribution company selling all of its products over the internet in the United States, operating in the infant and toddler products business market.

 

On December 28, 2016, Aircom Pacific Inc. (“Aircom”) purchased approximately 86.3% of Aerkomm’s issued and outstanding common stock as of the closing date of purchase. As a result of the transaction, Aircom became the controlling shareholder of Aerkomm. Aircom was incorporated on September 29, 2014 under the laws of the State of California.

 

On February 13, 2017, Aerkomm entered into a share exchange agreement (“Exchange Agreement”) with Aircom and its shareholders, pursuant to which Aerkomm acquired 100% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Aircom in exchange for approximately 99.7% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Aerkomm. As a result of the share exchange, Aircom became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Aerkomm, and the former shareholders of Aircom became the holders of approximately 99.7% of Aerkomm’s issued and outstanding capital stock.

 

On December 31, 2014, Aircom acquired a newly incorporated subsidiary, Aircom Pacific Ltd. (“Aircom Seychelles”), a corporation formed under the laws of the Republic of Seychelles. Aircom Seychelles was formed to facilitate Aircom’s global corporate structure for both business operations and tax planning. Presently, Aircom Seychelles has no operations. Aircom is working with corporate and tax advisers in finalizing its global corporate structure and has not yet concluded its final plan.

 

On October 17, 2016, Aircom acquired a wholly owned subsidiary, Aircom Pacific Inc. Limited (“Aircom HK”), a corporation formed under the laws of Hong Kong. The purpose of Aircom HK is to conduct Aircom’s business and operations in Hong Kong. Presently, its primary function is business development, both with respect to airlines as well as content providers and advertisement partners based in Hong Kong. Aircom HK is also actively seeking strategic partnerships whom Aircom may leverage in order to provide more and better services to its customers. Aircom also plans to provide local supports to Hong Kong-based airlines via Aircom HK and teleports located in Hong Kong.

 

On December 15, 2016, Aircom acquired a wholly owned subsidiary, Aircom Japan, Inc. (“Aircom Japan”), a corporation formed under the laws of Japan. The purpose of Aircom Japan is to conduct business development and operations located within Japan. Aircom Japan is in the process of applying for, and will be the holder of, Satellite Communication Blanket License in Japan, which is necessary for Aircom to provide services within Japan. Aircom Japan will also provide local supports to airlines operating within the territory of Japan.

 

Aircom Telecom LLC (“Aircom Taiwan”), which became a wholly owned subsidiary of Aircom in December 2017, was organized under the laws of Taiwan on June 29, 2016. Aircom Taiwan is responsible for Aircom’s business development efforts and general operations within Taiwan.

 

On June 13, 2018, Aerkomm established a new wholly owned subsidiary, Aerkomm Taiwan Inc. (“Aerkomm Taiwan”), a corporation formed under the laws of Taiwan. The purpose of Aerkomm Taiwan is to purchase a parcel of land and raise sufficient fund for ground station building and operate the ground station for data processing (although that cannot be guaranteed).

 

On November 15, 2018, Aircom Taiwan acquired a wholly owned subsidiary, Beijing Yatai Communication Co., Ltd. (“Beijing Yatai”), a corporation formed under the laws of China. The purpose of Beijing Yatai is to conduct Aircom’s business and operations in China. Presently, its primary function is business development, both with respect to airlines as well as content providers and advertisement partners based in China as most business conducted in China requires a local registered company. Beijing Yatai is also actively seeking strategic partnerships whom Aircom may leverage in order to provide more and better services to its customers. Aircom also plans to provide local supports to China-based airlines via Beijing Yatai and teleports located in China. On November 6, 2020, 100% ownership of Beijing Yatai was transferred from Aircom Taiwan to Aerkomm Taiwan.

 

6

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 1 - Organization - Continued

 

On October 31, 2019, Aircom Seychelles established a new a wholly owned subsidiary, Aerkomm Pacific Limited (“Aerkomm Malta”), a corporation formed under the laws of Malta. The purpose of Aerkomm Malta is to conduct Aircom’s business and operations and to engage with suppliers and potential airlines customers in the European Union.

 

The Company’s organization structure is as following:

 

 

Aerkomm and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) are full-service, development stage providers of in-flight entertainment and connectivity solutions with their initial market in the Asian Pacific region.

 

The Company has not generated significant revenues, excluding non-recurring revenues, and will incur additional expenses as a result of being a public reporting company. Currently, the Company has taken measures that management believes will improve its financial position by financing activities, including through ongoing public offerings, short-term borrowings and equity contributions. Two of the Company’s current shareholders (the “Lenders”) each committed to provide to the Company a $10 million bridge loan (together, the “Loans”) for an aggregate principal amount of $20 million, to bridge the Company’s cash flow needs prior to its obtaining a mortgage loan to be secured by a parcel of land (the “Land”) the Company purchased in Taiwan. The Lenders also agreed to an earlier closing of up to 25% of the principal amounts of the Loans upon the Company’s request prior to the time that title to the Land is vested in the Company’s subsidiary, Aerkomm Taiwan, to pay the outstanding payable to the Company’s vendors.

 

On July 29, 2020, the Company filed an amendment to the Registration Statement on Form S-1, originally filed on April 30, 2020, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, pursuant to Section 5 of the Securities Act of 1933 to issue and sell up to 1,951,219 shares (approximately $47,276,000) of the Company’s common stock, at a per share price of €20.50 (approximately $24.23). The Form S-1 is subsequently amended on July 29, 2020, October 21, 2020 and November 5, 2020, and was declared effective on November 6, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, the Company closed a public offering with net proceeds of $1,667,080.

 

With the $20 million in Loans committed by the Lenders and the remaining amount of €38 million (not including the 15% over-subscription) to be raised from the effective S-1 and future fund raising, the Company believes its working capital will be adequate to sustain its operations for the next twelve months. However, there is no assurance that management will be successful in furthering the Company’s business plan, especially if the Company is not able to raise additional capital in its registered public offering or from other sources. There are a number of additional factors that could potentially arise that could result in shortfalls in the Company’s business plan, such as general worldwide economic conditions, competitive pricing in the connectivity industry, the continuing impact of the COVID 19 pandemic, the Company’s operating results continuing to deteriorate and the Company’s banks and shareholders not being able to provide continued financial support.

 

7

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2021, and the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 are unaudited. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2021 and the results of operations and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. The financial data and other information disclosed in these notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements related to these three-month periods are unaudited. The results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021 or for any other interim period or other future year.

 

Principle of Consolidation

 

Aerkomm consolidates the accounts of its subsidiaries, Aircom, Aircom Seychelles, Aircom HK, Aircom Japan, Aircom Taiwan, Aerkomm Taiwan, Beijing Yatai and Aerkomm Malta. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash in banks. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the total balance of cash in bank was fully insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). The balance of cash deposited in foreign financial institutions exceeding the amount insured by local insurance is approximately $3,107,000 and $3,514,000 as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

Short-term investment

 

The Company’s short-term investment securities are classified as trading security. The securities are stated at fair value within current assets on the Company’s condensed balance sheets. Fair value is calculated based on publicly available market information or other estimates determined by the Company. Changes in fair value are recorded in current income. 

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are recorded at the lower of weighted-average cost or net realizable value. The Company assesses the impact of changing technology on its inventory on hand and writes off inventories that are considered obsolete. Estimated losses on scrap and slow-moving items are recognized in the allowance for losses. 

 

Long-term Investment

 

Long-term investment includes holdings of marketable equity securities with less than 20% of ownership of the investee. Marketable equity securities include equity securities which are initially recognized at fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition. Changes in fair value from subsequent remeasurement are reported under non-operating income in the Company’s statement of income. The cost of the securities sold is based on the weighted average cost method. Stock dividends from the investment are included to recalculate the cost basis of the investment based on the total number of shares.

 

Investments are considered to be impaired when a decline in fair value is judged to be other than temporary. If the cost of an investment exceeds its fair value, the Company evaluates, among other factors, general market conditions, the duration and extent to which the fair value is less than cost, as well as its intent and ability to hold the investment, for recording an impairment loss.

 

8

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Continued

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. When value impairment is determined, the related assets are stated at the lower of fair value or book value. Significant additions, renewals and betterments are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred.

 

Depreciation is computed by using the straight-line and double declining methods over the following estimated service lives: ground station equipment – 5 years, computer equipment - 3 to 5 years, furniture and fixtures - 5 years, satellite equipment – 5 years, vehicles – 5 years and lease improvement – 5 years.

 

Upon sale or disposal of property and equipment, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the corresponding accounts, with any gain or loss credited or charged to income in the period of sale or disposal.

 

The Company reviews the carrying amount of property and equipment for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. It determined that there was no impairment loss for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

Right-of-Use Asset and Lease Liability

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases” (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which modifies lease accounting for both lessees and lessors to increase transparency and comparability by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases and finance leases under previous accounting standards and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements.

 

A lessee should recognize the lease liability to make lease payments and the right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For operating leases and finance leases, a right-of-use asset and a lease liability are initially measured at the present value of the lease payments by discount rates. The Company’s lease discount rates are generally based on its incremental borrowing rate, as the discount rates implicit in the Company’s leases is readily determinable. Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included in property and equipment and lease liability in our consolidated balance sheets. Lease expense for operating expense payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Interest and amortization expenses are recognized for finance leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term. 

  

For the leases with a term of twelve months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. If a lessee makes this election, it should recognize lease expense for such leases generally on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective January 1, 2019.

 

Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets

 

The Company’s goodwill represents the amount by which the total purchase price paid exceeded the estimated fair value of net assets acquired from acquisition of subsidiaries. The Company tests goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, or more often if events or circumstances indicate that there may be impairment.

 

Purchased intangible assets with finite life are amortized on the straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of respective assets. Purchased intangible assets with indefinite life are evaluated for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. Purchased intangible asset consists of satellite system software and is amortized over 10 years. 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company utilizes the three-level valuation hierarchy for the recognition and disclosure of fair value measurements. The categorization of assets and liabilities within this hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy consist of the following:

 

Level 1 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

9

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Continued

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments-Continued

 

Level 2 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the instrument.

 

Level 3 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable inputs based upon management’s best estimate of inputs market participants could use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date, including assumptions.

 

The carrying amounts of the Company’s cash and restricted cash, accounts payable, short-term loan and other payable approximated their fair value due to the short-term nature of these financial instruments. The Company’s short-term investment and long-term investment are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy on June 30, 2021. The Company’s long-term bonds payable, long-term loan and lease payable approximated the carrying amount as its interest rate is considered as approximate to the current rate for comparable loans and leases, respectively. There were no outstanding derivative financial instruments as of June 30, 2021.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company adopted the provisions of ASU 2014-09 Revenue from Contract with Customers (Topic 606) and the principal versus agent guidance within the new revenue standard. As such, the Company identifies a contract with a customer, identifies the performance obligations in the contract, determines the transaction price, allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract and recognizes revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are computed for differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future based on enacted tax laws and rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. Income tax expense is the tax payable or refundable for the period plus or minus the change during the period in deferred tax assets and liabilities. Adjustments to prior period’s income tax liabilities are added to or deducted from the current period’s tax provision.

 

The Company follows FASB guidance on uncertain tax positions and has analyzed its filing positions in all the federal, state and foreign jurisdictions where it is required to file income tax returns, as well as all open tax years in those jurisdictions. The Company files income tax returns in the US federal, state and foreign jurisdictions where it conducts business. It is not subject to income tax examinations by US federal, state and local tax authorities for years before 2016. The Company believes that its income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and does not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Therefore, no reserves for uncertain tax positions have been recorded. The Company does not expect its unrecognized tax benefits to change significantly over the next twelve months.

 

The Company’s policy for recording interest and penalties associated with any uncertain tax positions is to record such items as a component of income before taxes. Penalties and interest paid or received, if any, are recorded as part of other operating expenses in the consolidated statement of operations.

  

Foreign Currency Transactions

 

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in U.S. dollars at the exchange rates in effect when the transactions occur. Exchange gains or losses derived from foreign currency transactions or monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in current income. At the end of each period, assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are revalued at the prevailing exchange rates with the resulting gains or losses recognized in income for the period. 

 

Translation Adjustments

 

If a foreign subsidiary’s functional currency is the local currency, translation adjustments will result from the process of translating the subsidiary’s financial statements into the reporting currency of the Company. Such adjustments are accumulated and reported under other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity.

 

10

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Continued

 

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common outstanding during the period increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that would have been outstanding if the potentially dilutive securities had been issued. Potentially dilutive securities include stock warrants and outstanding stock options, shares to be purchased by employees under the Company’s employee stock purchase plan.

 

Subsequent Events

 

The Company has evaluated events and transactions after the reported period up to August [*], 2021, the date on which these consolidated financial statements were available to be issued. All subsequent events requiring recognition as of June 30, 2021 have been included in these consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 3 - Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Simplifying the Accounting for Debt with Conversion and Other Options.

 

In June 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06 to simplify the accounting in ASC 470, Debt with Conversion and Other Options and ASC 815, Contracts in Equity’s Own Entity. The guidance simplifies the current guidance for convertible instruments and the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity. Additionally, the amendments affect the diluted EPS calculation for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares and for convertible instruments. This ASU will be effective beginning in the first quarter of the Company’s fiscal year 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments in this update must be applied on either full retrospective basis or modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings/(deficit) in the period of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2020-06 on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, as well as the timing of adoption.

 

Financial Instruments

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (“ASU 2016-13”), which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses of certain financial instruments. In February 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-02 and delayed the effective date of ASU 2016-13 until fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12 to simplify the accounting in ASC 740, “Income Taxes.” This guidance removes certain exceptions related to the approach for intra-period tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period, and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. This guidance also clarifies and simplifies other areas of ASC 740. This ASU will be effective beginning in the first quarter of the Company’s fiscal year 2021. Early adoption is permitted. Certain amendments in this update must be applied on a prospective basis, certain amendments must be applied on a retrospective basis, and certain amendments must be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings/(deficit) in the period of adoption. The adoption of ASU 2019-12 does not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021.

 

Earnings Per Share

 

In April 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, which included Topic 260 “Earnings Per Share”. This guidance clarifies and reduces diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options due to a lack of explicit guidance in the FASB Codification. The ASU 2021-04 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2021-04 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

11

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 4 – Short-term Investment

 

On September 9, 2019, the Company entered into a liquidity agreement with a security company (“the Liquidity Provider”) in France, which is consistent with customary practice in the French securities market. The liquidity agreement complies with applicable laws and regulations in France and authorizes the Liquidity Provider to carry out market purchases and sales of shares of the Company’s common stock on the Euronext Paris market. To enable the Liquidity Provider to carry out the interventions provided for in the contract, the Company contributed approximately $225,500 (200,000 euros) into the account. The transaction was initiated in the beginning of 2020, and the Company pays annual compensation of 20,000 euros to the Liquidity Provider in advance by semi-annual installments at the beginning of each semi-annual period under the agreement. The liquidity agreement had an initial term of one year and is being renewed automatically unless otherwise terminated by either party. As of June 30, 2021, the Company had purchased 11,604 shares (unaudited) of its common stock with the fair value of $60,493 (unaudited). The securities were recorded as short-term investment with an accumulated unrealized loss of $168,767.

 

NOTE 5 - Inventories

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, inventories consisted of the following:

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)     
Satellite equipment for sale under construction  $6,476,397   $4,669,297 
Supplies   5,192    5,317 
    6,481,589    4,674,614 
Allowance for inventory loss   (5,192)   (5,317)
Net   6,476,397    4,669,297 
Prepayment for inventory   331,400    542,130 
Total  $6,807,797   $5,211,427 

 

NOTE 6 - Property and Equipment

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the balances of property and equipment were as follows:

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)      
Ground station equipment  $1,854,027   $1,876,458 
Computer software and equipment   339,229    335,708 
Satellite equipment   275,410    275,410 
Vehicle   198,741    198,741 
Leasehold improvement   83,721    83,721 
Furniture and fixture   36,382    36,382 
    2,787,510    2,806,420 
Accumulated depreciation   (1,681,178)   (1,414,191)
Net   1,106,332    1,392,229 
Prepayments - land   35,861,589    35,861,589 
Prepaid equipment   86,617    86,617 
Net  $37,054,538   $37,340,435 

 

On July 10, 2018, the Company and Aerkomm Taiwan entered into a real estate sale contract (the “Land Purchase Contract”) with Tsai Ming-Yin (the “Seller”) with respect to the acquisition by Aerkomm Taiwan of a parcel of land located in Taiwan. The land is expected to be used to build a satellite ground station and data center. Pursuant to the terms of the Land Purchase Contract, and subsequent amendments on July 30, 2018, September 4, 2018, November 2, 2018 and January 3, 2019, the Company paid to the seller in installments refundable prepayments of $34,474,462 in total. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the estimated commission payable for the land purchase in the amount of $1,387,127 was recorded to the cost of land and the payment to be paid after the full payment of the Land acquisition price no later than December 31, 2021. According to the amended Land Purchase Contract dated on November 10, 2020, the transaction may be terminated at any time by both the buyer and the seller and agreed by all parties if the Company is unable to obtain the qualified satellite license issued by Taiwan authority before July 31, 2021. As of August 20, 2021, the license applications are still in progress.

 

Depreciation expense was $133,919 (unaudited) and $136,587 (unaudited) for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $268,484 (unaudited) and $273,626 (unaudited) for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

12

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 7 – Long-term Investment

 

On December 3, 2020, the Company entered into three separate stock purchase agreements (or “Stock Purchase Agreement”) from three individuals to purchase an aggregate of 6,000,000 restricted shares of one of the Company’s related parties, YuanJiu Inc. (YuanJiu) in a total amount of NT$141,175,000. YuanJiu is a listed company in Taiwan Stock Exchange and the stock title transfer is subject to certain restrictions. Albert Hsu, a member of the Company’s board of directors, is the Chairman of YuanJiu. On July 19, 2021, YuanJiu Inc. changed its name to “EJECTT INC.”

 

In the Stock Purchase Agreement, there was a restriction on the stock title transfer until May 13, 2021. As of August 12, 2021, this restriction on the stock transfer was released and the stock title transfer process has been completed. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, this investment totaled approximately a 10% ownership of YuanJiu. The Company intends to hold this investment for long-term purposes.

 

On March 24, 2021, the Company purchased additional 1,000 shares of YuanJiu’s common stock for a total amount of $694 (unaudited) from a related party.

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the fair value of the investment was as follows:

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)      
Investment cost  $5,058,917   $5,027,600 
Less: Allowance for value decline   (1,349,875)   (722,044)
Net  $3,709,042   $4,305,556 

 

NOTE 8 - Intangible Asset, Net

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the cost and accumulated amortization for intangible asset were as follows:

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)      
Satellite system software  $4,950,000   $4,950,000 
Accumulated amortization   (2,805,000)   (2,557,500)
Net  $2,145,000   $2,392,500 

 

Amortization expense was $123,750 (unaudited) and $123,750 (unaudited) for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $247,500 (unaudited) and $247,500 (unaudited) for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

NOTE 9 - Operating and Finance Leases

 

  A. Lease term and discount rate:

 

The weighted-average remaining lease term and discount rate related to the leases were as follows:

  

   2021   2020 
Weighted-average remaining lease term  (Unaudited)      
Operating lease   1.03 Years    2.01 Years 
Finance lease   3.35 Years    3.84 Years 
Weighted-average discount rate          
Operating lease   6.00%   6.00%
Finance lease   3.82%   3.82%

 

13

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 9 - Operating and Finance Leases - Continued

 

  B. The balances for the operating and finance leases are presented as follows within the consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 

Operating Leases

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)     
Right-of-use assets  $279,414   $353,442 
           
Lease liability – current  $406,146   $346,870 
Lease liability – non-current   80,746    173,308 
Total operating lease liabilities  $486,892   $520,178 

 

Finance Leases

 

    June 30,
2021
    December 31,
2020
 
    (Unaudited)          
Property and equipment, at cost   $ 56,770     $ 56,770  
Accumulated depreciation     (19,156 )     (13,098 )
Property and equipment, net   $ 37,615     $ 43,672  
                 
Lease liability - current   $ 11,291     $ 11,010  
Lease liability – non-current     31,663       37,135  
Total finance lease liabilities   $ 42,954     $ 48,145  

 

The components of lease expense are as follows within the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

Operating Leases

 

   Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended 
   June 30,
2021
   June 30,
2020
   June 30,
2021
   June 30,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Lease expense  $54,658   $108,348   $112,590   $220,345 
Sublease rental income   (2,737)   (2,791)   (5,563)   (5,545)
Net lease expense  $51,921   $105,557   $107,027   $214,800 

 

Finance Leases

 

   Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended 
   June 30,
2021
   June 30,
2020
   June 30,
2021
   June 30,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Amortization of right-of-use asset  $3,034   $2,841   $6,057   $5,932 
Interest on lease liabilities   429    496    880    1,012 
Total finance lease cost  $3,463   $3,337   $6,937   $6,944 

 

14

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 9 - Operating and Finance Leases - Continued

 

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

 

   June 30,
2021
   June 30,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:          
Operating cash outflows from operating leases  $64,517   $93,689 
Operating cash outflows from finance lease  $5,462   $5,926 
Financing cash outflows from finance lease  $878   $1,012 
Leased assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities:          
Operating leases  $28,197   $261,781 

 

Maturity of lease liabilities:

 

Operating Leases

 

   Related
Party
   Others   Total 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
July 1, 2021 – June 30, 2022  $55,757   $361,327   $417,084 
July 1, 2022 – June 30, 2023   
-
    83,155    83,155 
July 1, 2023 – June 30, 2024   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Total lease payments  $55,757   $444,482   $500,239 
Less: Imputed interest   (1,521)   (11,826)   (13,347)
Present value of lease liabilities  $54,236   $432,656   $486,892 
Current portion   (54,236)   (351,910)   (406,146)
Non-current portion  $
-
   $80,746   $80,746 

 

Finance Leases

 

   Total 
   (Unaudited) 
July 1, 2021 – June 30, 2022  $12,735 
July 1, 2022 – June 30, 2023   12,735 
July 1, 2023 – June 30, 2024   12,735 
July 1, 2024 – June 30, 2025   7,828 
Total lease payments  $46,033 
Less: Imputed interest   (3,079)
Present value of lease liabilities  $42,954 
Current portion   (11,291)
Non-current portion  $31,663 

 

NOTE 10 - Short-term Loans

 

In 2020, the Company entered into a loan agreement in the amount of $423,225 with the Company’s insurance service provider in order to pay the Company’s insurance premium. The loan matures on September 25, 2021 with an annual interest rate of 3.3%. Under this loan agreement, the Company is required to make the installment payment monthly. The installment liability as of June 30, 2021 was $111,582.

 

Additionally, in June 2021, the Company entered into a loan agreement in the amount of $1,433,177 (NT $40,000,000) (unaudited) with a non-related party. This loan, which carries no interest, originally matured on July 16, 2021 and the Company agreed to put 4,000,000 shares of Yuanjiu stocks as collateral. As of August 20, 2021, the Company has repaid $179,147 (NT $5,000,000) (unaudited) of the outstanding loan and the two parties signed the amendment agreement to extend the loan repayment date to September 16, 2021.

 

15

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 11 - Long-term Loan

 

The Company has a car loan credit line of NT$1,500,000 (approximately US$48,371), which matures on May 21, 2024, from a Taiwan financing company with annual interest rate of 9.7%. The installment payment plan is 60 months to pay off the balance on the 21st of each month. Future installment payments as of June 30, 2021 are as follows:

 

Twelve months ending June 30,  (Unaudited) 
2022  $13,608 
2023   13,608 
2024   12,474 
Total installment payments   39,690 
Less: Imputed interest   (5,244)
Present value of long-term loan   34,446 
Current portion   (10,732)
Non-current portion  $23,714 

 

NOTE 12 – Long-term Bonds Payable and Restricted Cash

 

On December 3, 2020, the Company closed a private placement offering consisting of US$10,000,000 in aggregate principal amount of its Credit Enhanced Zero Coupon Convertible Bonds (the “Zero Coupon Bonds”) and US$200,000 in aggregate principal amount of its 7.5% convertible bonds (the “Coupon Bonds”), both due on December 2, 2025 (collectively the “Bonds”). Unless previously redeemed, converted or repurchased and cancelled, the Zero-Coupon Bonds will be redeemed on December 2, 2025 at 105.11% of their principal amount and the Coupon Bonds will be redeemed on December 2, 2025 at 100% of their principal amount plus any accrued and unpaid interest. The Coupon Bonds will bear interest from and including December 2, 2020 at the rate of 7.5% per annum. Interest on the Coupon Bonds is payable semi-annually in arrears on June 1 and December 1 each year, commencing on June 1, 2021.

 

The Company has the option to redeem the Bonds at a redemption amount equal to the Early Redemption Amount, as defined in the Offering Memorandum, at any time on or after December 2, 2023 and prior to the Maturity Date, if the Closing Price of the Company’s Common Stock listed on the Euronext Paris for 20 trading days in any period of 30 consecutive trading days, the last day of which occurs not more than fifteen trading days prior to the date on which notice of such redemption is given, is greater than 130% of the Conversion Price on each applicable trading day or (ii) in whole or in part of the Bonds on the second anniversary of the issue date or (iii) where 90% or more in principal amount of the Bonds issued have been redeemed, converted or repurchased and cancelled.

 

Unless previously redeemed, converted or repurchased and cancelled, the Bonds may be converted at any time on or after December 3, 2020 up to November 20, 2025 into shares of Common Stock of the Company with a par value of $0.001 each. The initial conversion price for the Bonds is $13.30 per share and is subject to adjustment in specified circumstances.

 

Holders of the Bonds may also require the Company to repurchase all or part of the Bonds on the third anniversary of the Issue Date, at the Early Redemption Amount. Unless the Bonds have been previously redeemed, converted or repurchased and cancelled, Holders of the Bonds will also have the right to require the Company to repurchase the Bonds for cash at the Early Redemption Amount if an event of delisting or a change of control occurs.

 

Pursuant to the agreements of Bonds, Bank of Panhsin Co., Ltd. (the “BG Bank”) committed to issue a bank guarantee for the benefit of the holders of the Bonds. The Bank Guarantee is intended to provide a source of funds for the principal, premium, interest (if any) and any other payment obligations of the Company which shall include the default interest under the Bonds upon the Company’s failure to pay amounts pursuant to the Indenture or upon the Bonds being declared due and payable on the occurrence of an Event of Default pursuant to this Indenture. In order to obtain the guarantee from BG Bank, the Company entered into a line of credit in the amount of $10,700,000 with BG Bank on December 1, 2020. The line of credit will be expired on December 2, 2025. The annual fee is based on 1% of the line of credit amount and due quarterly. The line of credit is guaranteed by one of the Company’s shareholders with his personal property, and the Company’s time deposit of $3,210,000 (the “Deposit”) at BG Bank is pledged as collateral as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, and the Deposit was recorded as restricted cash.

 

16

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 12 – Long-term Bonds Payable and Restricted Cash - Continued

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the long-term bonds payable consisted of the following:

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)     
Credit Enhanced Zero Coupon Convertible Bonds  $10,000,000   $10,000,000 
Coupon Bonds   200,000    200,000 
    10,200,000    10,200,000 
Unamortized loan fee   (886,247)   (981,906)
Net  $9,313,753   $9,218,094 

 

NOTE 13 - Prepayment from Customer

 

On March 9, 2015, the Company entered into a 10-year purchase agreement with Klingon Aerospace, Inc. (“Klingon”), which was formerly named as Luxe Electronic Co., Ltd. In accordance with the terms of this agreement, Klingon agreed to purchase from the Company an initial order of onboard equipment comprising an onboard system for a purchase price of $909,000, with payments to be made in accordance with a specific milestones schedule. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company received $762,000 from Klingon in milestone payments towards the equipment purchase price. As of June 30, 2021, the project is still ongoing.

 

On April 25, 2021, the Company entered into a Product Supply Agreement with a customer. As of June 30, 2021, the Company received $1,611,357 from the customer as a prepayment towards the equipment purchase price.

 

NOTE 14 - Income Taxes

 

Income tax expense for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 consisted of the following:

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2021   2020   2021   2020 
Current:  (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Federal  $
                   -
   $
                   -
   $
                  -
   $
                   -
 
State   
-
    
-
    1,600    1,600 
Foreign   (26)   11    1,669    1,663 
Total  $(26)  $11   $3,269   $3,263 

 

The following table presents a reconciliation of the Company’s income tax at statutory tax rate and income tax at effective tax rate for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   2021   2020   2021   2020
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Tax benefit at statutory rate  $(332,734)  $(388,531)  $(1,424,074)  $(1,003,820)
Foreign investment losses (gains)   (8,497)   (37,148)   443,037    98,290 
Stock-based compensation expense   33,100    94,300    390,500    191,900 
Amortization expense   23,425    12,617    46,055    25,333 
Accrued payroll   73,800    30,800    130,700    75,900 
Unrealized exchange losses (gains)   (98,807)   (108,870)   200,896    (28,194)
Others   23,574    65,211    43,269    74,563 
Valuation allowance   286,113    331,632    172,886    569,291 
Tax expense at effective tax rate  $(26)  $11   $3,269   $3,263 

 

17

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 14 - Income Taxes – Continued 

 

Deferred tax assets (liabilities) as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consist approximately of:

 

   June 30,
2021
  

December 31,
2020

 
   (Unaudited)     
Net operating loss carryforwards (NOLs)  $8,931,000   $8,018,000 
Stock-based compensation expense   2,544,000    2,024,000 
Accrued expenses and unpaid expense payable   500,000    309,000 
Tax credit carryforwards   68,000    68,000 
Unrealized investment loss   
-
    144,000 
Unrealized exchange losses   (18,000)   (193,000)
Excess of tax amortization over book amortization   (475,000)   (577,000)
Others   155,000    (173,000)
Gross   11,705,000    9,620,000 
Valuation allowance   (11,705,000)   (9,620,000)
Net  $
-
   $
-
 

 

Management does not believe the deferred tax assets will be utilized in the near future; therefore, a full valuation allowance is provided. The net change in deferred tax assets valuation allowance was an increase of approximately $2,085,000 (unaudited) for the six months ended June 30, 2021.

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had federal NOLs of approximately $8,243,000 available to reduce future federal taxable income, expiring in 2037, and additional federal NOLs of approximately $18,245,000 (unaudited) and $16,743,000, respectively, were generated and will be carried forward indefinitely to reduce future federal taxable income. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had State NOLs of approximately $27,363,000 (unaudited) and $27,461,000, respectively, available to reduce future state taxable income, expiring in 2041.

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has Japan NOLs of approximately $373,000 (unaudited) and $392,000, respectively, available to reduce future Japan taxable income, expiring in 2031.

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has Taiwan NOLs of approximately $1,687,000 (unaudited) and $2,405,000, respectively, available to reduce future Taiwan taxable income, expiring in 2031.

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had approximately $37,000 (unaudited) and $37,000 of federal research and development tax credit, available to offset future federal income tax. The credit begins to expire in 2034 if not utilized. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had approximately $39,000 (unaudited) and $39,000 of California state research and development tax credit available to offset future California state income tax. The credit can be carried forward indefinitely.

 

The Company’s ability to utilize its federal and state NOLs to offset future income taxes is subject to restrictions resulting from its prior change in ownership as defined by Internal Revenue Code Section 382. The Company does not expect to incur the limitation on NOLs utilization in future annual usage.

 

NOTE 15 - Capital Stock

 

  1) Preferred Stock:

 

The Company is authorized to issue 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, with par value of $0.001. As of June 30, 2021, there were no preferred stock shares outstanding. The Board of Directors has the authority to issue preferred stock in one or more series, and in connection with the creation of any such series, by resolutions providing for the issuance of the shares thereof, to determine dividends, voting rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences.

 

18

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 15 - Capital Stock – Continued

 

  2) Common Stock:

 

The Company is authorized to issue 90,000,000 shares of common stock with par value of $0.001.

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the restricted shares consisted of the following:

 

   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
   (Unaudited)     
Restricted stock - vested   1,802,373    1,802,373 
Restricted stock - unvested   149,162    149,162 
Total restricted stock   1,951,535    1,951,535 

 

The unvested shares of restricted stock were recorded under a deposit liability account awaiting future conversion to common stock when they become vested.

 

  3) Stock Warrant:

 

In connection with the Underwriting Agreement with Boustead Securities, LLC, or Boustead, the Company agreed to issue to Boustead warrants to purchase a number of the Company’s shares equal to 6% of the gross proceeds of the public offering, which shall be exercisable, in whole or in part, commencing on April 13, 2018 and expiring on the five-year anniversary at an initial exercise price of $53.125 per share, which is equal to 125% of the offering price paid by investors. As of December 31, 2019, the Company issued total warrants to Boustead to purchase 77,680 shares of the Company’s stock. 

 

For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded decrease of $397,600 and an increase of $389,300, respectively, in additional paid-in capital as adjustment for the issuance costs of these stock warrants.

 

NOTE 16 - Major Vendors

 

The Company has two unrelated major vendors, which represents 10% or more of the total purchases of the Company for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Purchase from these vendors for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, and accounts payable as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were as follows:

 

   Purchase   Accounts Payable 
Vendor  June 30,
2021
   June 30,
2020
   June 30,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
A  $22,906   $
-
   $
-
   $
-
 
B   
-
    1,592,239    1,874,339    1,874,339 
Total  $22,906   $1,592,239   $1,874,339   $1,874,339 

 

NOTE 17 - Significant Related Party Transactions

 

In addition to the information disclosed in other notes, the Company has significant related party transactions as follows:

 

  A. Name of related parties and relationships with the Company:

 

Related Party   Relationship
Well Thrive Limited (“WTL”)   Major stockholder
Yuanjiu Inc. (“Yuanjiu”)   Stockholder; Albert Hsu, a Director of Aerkomm, is the Chairman
AA Twin Associates Ltd. (“AATWIN”)   Georges Caldironi, COO of Aerkomm, is the sole owner
EESquare Japan (“EESquare JP”)   Yih Lieh (Giretsu) Shih, President Aircom Japan, is the Director
Wealth Wide Int’l Ltd. (“WWI”)   Bummy Wu, a stockholder, is the Chairman
dMobile System Co. Ltd. (dMobile)   Sheng-Chun Chang, major stockholder, is the Chairman

 

  B. Significant related party transactions:

 

The Company has extensive transactions with its related parties. It is possible that the terms of these transactions are not the same as those which would result from transactions among wholly unrelated parties.

 

19

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 17 - Significant Related Party Transactions – Continued

 

  a. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 

    June 30,
2021
    December 31,
2020
 
    (Unaudited)        
Inventory prepayment to:            
dMobile1   $ 331,400     $
-
 
Yuanjiu2    
-
      542,130  
Total   $ 331,400     $ 542,130  
                 
Loan from WTL3   $
-
    $ 527,066  
Other payable to:                
AATWIN4   $ 255,741     $ 146,673  
Interest payable to WTL3     44,825       7,623  
Others5     404,005       296,890  
Total   $ 704,571     $ 451,186  
Lease liability to WWI6   $ 54,236     $ 68,661  

 

  1.

In June 2021, the Company ordered antenna equipment of $331,400 (NT $9,500,000) (unaudited) from dMobile. As of June 30, 2021, the Company had prepaid $331,400 (NT$9,500,000) (unaudited) to dMobile as prepayment on the equipment purchase.

 

  2. Represents inventory prepayment paid to Yuanjiu. On May 11, 2020, the Company entered into a product purchase agreement (PO1) with Yuanjiu to purchase 100 sets of the AirCinema Cube to be installed on aircraft of commercial airline customers. The total purchase amount under this agreement was $1,807,100 (unaudited) and the Company paid 20% of the total amount, or $361,420 (unaudited), as an initial deposit. On July 15, 2020, the Company signed a second product purchase agreement (PO2) of $1,807,100 (unaudited) with Yuanjiu for an additional 100 sets of the AirCinema Cube for the same purchase amount and paid a 10% initial deposit of $180,710 (unaudited) on this agreement as well. In February 2021, the Company paid the remaining balance of the PO1 and received the inventory with aggregate value of $1,807,100 (unaudited). The deposit on PO2 was refunded by Yuanjiu on June 1, 2021.

 

  3. The Company borrowed funds to meet operational needs from WTL under the Loans (discussed in Note 1). The original loan amount was approximately $2.64 million (NT$80,000,000). The loan agreement, which allows the Company to borrow additional funds and which carries an interest rate of 5% per annum, will terminate on December 31, 2021. The Company had fully repaid the outstanding loan amount as of June 30, 2021.

 

  4. Represents payable to AATWIN due to a consulting agreement dated January 1, 2019. The monthly consulting fee is EUR 15,120 (approximately $17,000). This agreement will expire on December 31, 2021.

 

  5. Represents payables to employees as a result of regular operating activities.

  

  6.

Aircom Hong Kong has a lease agreement with WWI for warehouse space with a monthly rental cost of $450. The lease term on this property is from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2022. Aircom Hong Kong has another lease agreement with WWI for its office space in Hong Kong. The original lease term was from June 28, 2018 to June 27, 2020 with a monthly rental cost of HKD 29,897 (approximately $3,847). The Company renewed this lease on June 27, 2020 and the current lease term is from June 28, 2020 to June 27, 2022 with a monthly rental cost of HKD 30,000 (approximately $3,829).

 

20

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 17 - Significant Related Party Transactions – Continued

 

  b. For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

    Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
    (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)     (Unaudited)  
Purchase from Yuanjiu1   $
-
    $
-
    $ 1,807,100     $
-
 
Consulting expense charged by AATWIN2     54,388       50,110       109,068       100,221  
Interest expense charged by WTL3     17,951       9,067       38,778       9,067  
Rental expense charged by WWI4     11,988      
-
      2,396      
-
 
Sales to YuanJiu5     72,000      
-
      72,000      
-
 
Rental income from EESqaure JP6     2,826      
-
      5,563      
-
 

 

  1.

Represents inventory prepayment paid to Yuanjiu. On May 11, 2020, the Company entered into a product purchase agreement (PO1) with Yuanjiu to purchase 100 sets of the AirCinema Cube to be installed on aircraft of commercial airline customers. The total purchase amount under this agreement was $1,807,100 (unaudited) and the Company paid 20% of the total amount, or $361,420 (unaudited), as an initial deposit. On July 15, 2020, the Company signed a second product purchase agreement (PO2) of $1,807,100 (unaudited) with Yuanjiu for an additional 100 sets of the AirCinema Cube for the same purchase amount and paid a 10% initial deposit of $180,710 (unaudited) on this agreement as well. In February 2021, the Company paid the remaining balance of PO1 and received the inventory with aggregate value of $1,807,100 (unaudited).

 

  2.

Represents payable to AATWIN due to a consulting agreement dated January 1, 2019. The monthly consulting fee is EUR 15,120 (approximately $17,000). This agreement will expire on December 31, 2021.

 

  3.

The Company borrowed funds to meet operational needs from WTL under the Loans (discussed in Note 1). The original loan amount was approximately $2.64 million (NT$80,000,000). The loan agreement, which allows the Company to borrow additional funds and which carries an interest rate of 5% per annum, will terminate on December 31, 2021. The Company had fully repaid the outstanding loan amount as of June 30, 2021.

 

  4.

Aircom Hong Kong has a lease agreement with WWI for warehouse space with a monthly rental cost of $450. The lease term on this property is from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2022. Aircom Hong Kong has another lease agreement with WWI for its office space in Hong Kong. The original lease term was from June 28, 2018 to June 27, 2020 with a monthly rental cost of HKD 29,897 (approximately $3,847). The Company renewed this lease on June 27, 2020 and the current lease term is from June 28, 2020 to June 27, 2022 with a monthly rental cost of HKD 30,000 (approximately $3,829).

 

  5.

On April 18, 2021, the Company entered into a memorandum of understanding with YuanJiu pursuant to which YuanJiu will serve as the exclusive service provider to the Company in Asia with respect to the installation and service of the Company’s Aerkomm AirCinema Cube (“ACC”) product and the related software platform (“Rayfin”) on which AAC will operate. In 2021, the Company sold ground antenna equipment to YuanJiu for the cooperation purpose.

 

  6. Aircom Japan entered into a sublease agreement with EESquare JP for the period between March 5, 2019 and March 4, 2021. Pursuant to the terms of this lease agreement, EESquare JP pays Aircom Japan a rental fee of approximately $920 per month.

 

NOTE 18 - Stock Based Compensation

 

In March 2014, Aircom’s Board of Directors adopted the 2014 Stock Option Plan (the “Aircom 2014 Plan”). The Aircom 2014 Plan provided for the granting of incentive stock options and non-statutory stock options to employees, consultants and outside directors of Aircom. On February 13, 2017, pursuant to the Exchange Agreement, Aerkomm assumed the options of Aircom 2014 Plan and agreed to issue options for an aggregate of 1,088,882 shares to Aircom’s stock option holders.

 

One-third of stock option shares will be vested as of the first anniversary of the time the option shares are granted or the employee’s acceptance to serve the Company, and 1/36th of the shares will be vested each month thereafter. Option price is determined by the Board of Directors. The Aircom 2014 Plan became effective upon its adoption by the Board and shall continue in effect for a term of 10 years unless sooner terminated under the terms of Aircom 2014 Plan.

 

On May 5, 2017, the Board of Directors of Aerkomm adopted the Aerkomm Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Aerkomm 2017 Plan” and together with the Aircom 2015 Plan, the “Plans”) and the reservation of 1,000,000 shares of common stock for issuance under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan. On June 23, 2017, the Board of Directors voted to increase the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 2,000,000 shares. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan provides for the granting of incentive stock options and non-statutory stock options to employees, consultants and outside directors of the Company, as determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors (or, prior to the establishment of the Compensation Committee on January 23, 2018, the Board of Directors).

 

21

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 18 - Stock Based Compensation – Continued

 

On June 23, 2017, the Board of Directors agreed to issue options for an aggregate of 291,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to certain officers and directors of the Company. The option agreements are classified into three types of vesting schedule, which includes, 1) 1/6 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 1/60 for the next 60 months on the same day of the month as the vesting start date; 2) 1/4 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 1/36 for the next 36 months on the same day of the month as the vesting start date; 3) 1/3 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the first anniversary of vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 50% each year for the next two years on the same day of the month as the vesting start date.

 

On July 31, 2017, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 109,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 11 of its employees. 1/3 of these shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the first anniversary of vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 50% each year for the next two years on the same day of the month as the vesting start date.

 

On December 29, 2017, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options were vested immediately upon issuance.

 

On June 19, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved to issue options for 32,000 and 30,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to two of the Company executives. One-fourth of the 32,000 shares subject to the option shall vest on May 1, 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022, respectively. One-third of the 30,000 shares subject to the option shall vest on May 29, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively.

 

On September 16, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved to issue options for 4,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to one of the Company’s independent directors. These options shall be vested immediately.

 

On December 29, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options were vested immediately upon issuance.

 

On July 2, 2019, the Board of Directors approved the grant of options to purchase an aggregate of 339,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 22 of its directors, officers and employees. 25% of the shares vested on the grant date, 25% of the shares vested on July 17, 2019, 25% of the shares will vest on the first anniversary of the grant date, and 25% of the shares will vest upon the second anniversary of the grant date. 

 

On October 4, 2019, the Board of Directors approved the grant of options to purchase an aggregate of 85,400 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three (3) of its employees. 25% of the shares vested on the grant date, and 25% of the shares will vest on each of October 4, 2020, October 4, 2021 and October 4, 2022, respectively.

 

On December 29, 2019, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options shall vest at the date of 1/12th each month for the next 12 months on the same day of December 2019.

 

On February 19, 2020, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for 2,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to one of the Company’s consultants for service provided in 2019. These options shall be vested immediately.

 

On September 17, 2020, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for 4,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to one of the Company’s independent directors. These options shall be vested at the date of 1/12th each month for the next 12 months on the same day of September 2020.

 

On December 11, 2020, the Board of Directors approved the grant of options to purchase an aggregate of 284,997 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 37 of its directors, officers, employees and consultants. Shares shall be vested in full on the earlier of the filing date of the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 or March 31, 2021.

 

On January 23, 2021, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options shall vest 1/12th each month for the next 12 months at the end of each month up to December 2021. On January 23, 2021, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for 2,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to one of the Company’s consultants for service provided in 2020. These options vested immediately.

 

Option price is determined by the Compensation Committee. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan has been adopted by the Board and shall continue in effect for a term of 10 years unless sooner terminated under the terms of Aerkomm 2017 Plan. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan was approved by the Company’s stockholders on March 28, 2018. 

 

22

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 18 - Stock Based Compensation – Continued

 

Valuation and Expense Information

 

Measurement and recognition of compensation expense based on estimated fair values is required for all share-based payment awards made to its employees and directors including employee stock options. The Company recognized compensation expense of $1,859,696 and $913,814 for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, related to such employee stock options.

 

Determining Fair Value

 

Valuation and amortization method

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing-model to estimate the fair value of stock options granted on the date of grant or modification and amortizes the fair value of stock-based compensation at the date of grant on a straight-line basis for recognizing stock compensation expense over the vesting period of the option.

 

Expected term

 

The expected term is the period of time that granted options are expected to be outstanding. The Company uses the SEC’s simplified method for determining the option expected term based on the Company’s historical data to estimate employee termination and options exercised.

 

Expected dividends

 

The Company does not plan to pay cash dividends before the options are expired. Therefore, the expected dividend yield used in the Black-Scholes option valuation model is zero.

 

Expected volatility

 

Since the Company has no historical volatility, it used the calculated value method which substitutes the historical volatility of a public company in the same industry to estimate the expected volatility of the Company’s share price to measure the fair value of options granted under the Plans.

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

The Company based the risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes option valuation model on the market yield in effect at the time of option grant provided in the Federal Reserve Board’s Statistical Releases and historical publications on the Treasury constant maturities rates for the equivalent remaining terms for the Plans.

 

Forfeitures

 

The Company is required to estimate forfeitures at the time of grant and revises those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Company uses historical data to estimate option forfeitures and records share-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest.

 

The Company used the following assumptions to estimate the fair value of options granted in six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and year ended December 31, 2020 under the Plans as follows:

 

Assumptions    
Expected term   5-10 years 
Expected volatility   45.79% – 72.81% 
Expected dividends   0%
Risk-free interest rate   0.69% - 2.99%
Forfeiture rate   0 - 5 %

23

 

 

AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 18 - Stock Based Compensation – Continued

 

Aircom 2014 Plan

 

Activities related to options for the Aircom 2014 Plan for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price Per
Share
   Weighted
Average Fair
Value Per
Share
 
Options outstanding at January 1, 2020   932,262   $       0.4081   $       0.1282 
Granted   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Exercised   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Forfeited/Cancelled   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Options outstanding at December 31, 2020         932,262    0.4081    0.1282 
Granted   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Exercised   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Forfeited/Cancelled   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Options outstanding at June 30, 2021 (unaudited)   932,262    0.4081    0.1282 

 

There are no unvested stock awards under Aircom 2014 Plan for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020.

  

Of the shares covered by options outstanding as of June 30, 2021, 932,262 are now exercisable. Information related to stock options outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2021, is as follows:

 

    Options Outstanding (Unaudited)   Options Exercisable (Unaudited) 

Range of
Exercise
Prices

   Shares
Outstanding at
6/30/2021
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Shares
Exercisable at
6/30/2021
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
$0.0067    820,391    3.67   $0.0067    820,391    3.67   $0.0067 
 3.3521    111,871    5.00    3.3521    111,871    5.00    3.3521 
      932,262    3.83    0.4081    932,262    3.83    0.4081 

 

As of June 30, 2021, there was no unrecognized stock-based compensation expense for the Aircom 2014 Plan. No option was exercised during the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

Aerkomm 2017 Plan

 

Activities related to options outstanding under Aerkomm 2017 Plan for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price Per
Share
   Weighted
Average Fair
Value Per
Share
 
Options outstanding at January 1, 2020         719,400   $   14.4889   $       9.2431 
Granted   290,997    8.3880    6.3769 
Exercised   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Forfeited/Cancelled   (18,000)   11.8067    7.3457 
Options outstanding at December 31, 2020   992,397    12.7486    8.4370 
Granted   14,000    7.2465    5.5352 
Exercised   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Forfeited/Cancelled   
-
    
-
    
-
 
Options outstanding at June 30, 2021 (unaudited)   1,006,397    12.6721    8.3967 

 

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AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 18 - Stock Based Compensation – Continued

 

Activities related to unvested stock awards under Aerkomm 2017 Plan for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

   Number of
Shares
  

Weighted
Average
Fair Value 

Per Share

 
Options unvested at January 1, 2020   340,128   $     7.8313 
Granted   290,997    6.3769 
Vested   (186,209)   9.3191 
Forfeited/Cancelled   (6,625)   4.0779 
Options unvested at December 31, 2020   438,291    6.2904 
Granted   14,000    5.5352 
Vested   (312,997)   6.7790 
Forfeited/Cancelled   
-
    
-
 
Options unvested at June 30, 2021 (unaudited)   139,294    5.1164 

 

Of the shares covered by options outstanding under the Aircom 2017 Plan as of June 30, 2021, 953,517 (unaudited) are now exercisable; 117,944 (unaudited) shares will be exercisable for the twelve-month period ending June 30, 2022; 21,350 shares will be exercisable for the twelve-month period ending June 30, 2023. Information related to stock options outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2021, is as follows:

 

    Options Outstanding (Unaudited)   Options Exercisable (Unaudited) 
Range of
Exercise
Prices
   Shares
Outstanding at
6/30/2021
  

Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)

  Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Shares
Exercisable at
6/30/2021
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
  Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
$3.96    327,000   8.01  $3.9600    245,250   8.01  $3.9600 
 7.00 – 9.00    310,997   9.42   8.2766    304,997   9.41   8.2968 
 11.00 – 14.20    103,400   8.22   11.4426    59,856   8.17   11.9196 
 20.50 – 27.50    141,000   6.41   24.3638    133,000   6.38   24.5962 
 30.00 – 35.00    124,000   6.00   34.4012    124,000   6.00   34.4012 
      1,006,397   7.99   12.6721    867,103   7.98   13.5534 

 

As of June 30, 2021, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to stock options was approximately $334,000 (unaudited), which is expected to be recognized on a straight-line basis over a weighted average period of approximately 1.05 years. No option was exercised during the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

NOTE 19 – Commitments

 

As of June 30, 2021, the Company’s significant commitment is summarized as follows: 

 

    Airbus SAS Agreement: On November 30, 2018, in furtherance of a memorandum of understanding signed in March 2018, the Company entered into an agreement with Airbus SAS (“Airbus”), pursuant to which Airbus will develop and certify a complete retrofit solution allowing the installation of the Company’s “AERKOMM K++” system on Airbus’ single aisle aircraft family including the Airbus A319/320/321, for both Current Engine Option (CEO) and New Engine Option (NEO) models. Airbus will also apply for and obtain on the Company’s behalf a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) from the European Aviation Safety Agency, or EASA, as well as from the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration or FAA, for the retrofit AERKOMM K++ system. The EU-China Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement, or BASA, went into effect on September 3, 2020, giving a boost to the regions’ aviation manufacturers by simplifying the process of gaining product approvals from the European Union Aviation Safety Agency, or EASA, and the Civil Aviation Administration of China, or CAAC, while also ensuring high safety and environment standards will continue to be met. Pursuant to the terms of our Airbus agreement, Airbus agreed to provides the Company with the retrofit solution which will include the Service Bulletin and the material kits including the update of technical and operating manuals pertaining to the aircraft and provision of aircraft configuration control. The timeframe for the completion and testing of this retrofit solution, including the certification, is expected to be in the third quarter of 2021, although there is no guarantee that the project will be successfully completed in the projected timeframe.

 

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AERKOMM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

NOTE 19 – Commitments - Continued

 

    Airbus Interior Service Agreement: On July 24, 2020, Aerkomm Malta, entered into an agreement with Airbus Interior Services, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Airbus. This new agreement follows the agreement that Aircom signed with Airbus on November 30, 2018 pursuant to which Airbus agreed to develop, install and certify the Aerkomm K++ System on a prototype A320 aircraft to EASA and FAA certification standards. 
     
    Hong Kong Airlines Agreement: On January 30, 2020, Aircom signed an agreement with Hong Kong Airlines Ltd. (HKA) to provide to Hong Kong Airlines both of its Aerkomm AirCinema and AERKOMM K++ IFEC solutions. Under the terms of this new agreement, Aircom will provide HKA its Ka-band AERKOMM K++ IFEC system and its AERKOMM AirCinema system. HKA will become the first commercial airliner launch customer for Aircom.

 

    Republic Engineers Complaint: On October 15, 2018, Aircom Telecom entered into a product purchase agreement, or the October 15th PPA, with Republic Engineers Maldives Pte. Ltd., a company affiliated with Republic Engineers Pte. Ltd., or Republic Engineers, a Singapore based, private construction and contracting company. On November 30, 2018, the October 15th PPA was re-executed with Republic Engineers Pte. Ltd. as the signing party. The Company refers to this new agreement as the November 30th PPA and, together with the October 15th PPA, the PPA. Under the terms of the PPA, Republic Engineers committed to the purchase of a minimum of 10 shipsets of the AERKOMM K++ system at an aggregate purchase price of $10 million. Additionally, under the terms of the PPA, the Executive Director of Republic Engineers, C. A. Raja, agreed to sign an agreement, or the Guarantee, to guarantee all of the obligations of Republic Engineers under the PPA. Republic Engineers had submitted a purchase order, or PO, dated October 15, 2018 for the 10 shipsets and was supposed to have made payments to Aircom Telecom against the purchase order shortly thereafter. To date, Republic Engineers has made no payments against the purchase order and the Company has not begun any work on the ordered shipsets. On July 7, 2020, Republic Engineers and Mr. Raja filed a complaint against Aerkomm, Aircom and Aircom Telecom in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Almeda, or the Court, seeking declaratory relief only and no money damages, alleging that the PPA and the PO were not executed or authorized by Republic Engineers and that the Guarantee was not executed or authorized by Mr. Raja. Republic Engineers and C. A. Raja have requested from the Court (i) orders that the PPA, the PO and the Guarantee be declared null and void and (ii) the payment of their reasonable attorney’s fees. On July 29, 2020, Aircom Telecom provided notice to Republic Engineers that the PPA and the PO have been terminated according to their terms as a result of the non-performance of Republic Engineers and the Failure of Mr. Raja to provide the Guarantee. Aerkomm denies the allegations in the complaint and believes that the claims filed by Republic Engineers and Mr. Raja have no merit. Aerkomm has retained special litigation counsel and intends to vigorously defend against the claims. Aerkomm does not expect that this proceeding will have a material adverse effect on its results of operations or cash flows.
     
   

Shenzhen Yihe: On June 20, 2018, the Company entered into that certain Cooperation Framework Agreement, as supplemented on July 19, 2019, with Shenzhen Yihe Culture Media Co., Ltd., or Yihe, the authorized agent of Guangdong Tengnan Internet, or Tencent Group, pursuant to which Yihe agreed to assist the Company with public relations, advertising, market and brand promotion, as well as with the development of a working application of the Tencent Group WeChat Pay payment solution and WeChat applets applicable for Chinese users and relating to cell phone and WiFi connectivity on airplanes. As compensation under this Yihe agreement, the Company paid Yihe RMB 8 million (approximately US$1.2 million). On October 16, 2020, in accordance with the provisions of the agreement with Yihe, as supplemented, the Company filed an arbitration action with the Shenzhen International Arbitration Court, or the Arbitration Court, claiming that Yihe failed to perform under the terms of the supplemented agreement and seeking a complete refund of its RMB 8 million payment to Yihe. The Company received notice from the Arbitration Court on October 16, 2020 of receipt of its arbitration filing and the requirement to pay the Arbitration Court RMB 190,000 in fees relating to the arbitration. These fees were paid on October 28, 2020. The Company intends to aggressively pursue this matter. As of June 30, 2021, the Company reclassified this prepayment to Other Receivable and provided an allowance for the full amount of $1,155,623.

     
    US trademark: On December 1, 2020, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (the “USPTO”) issued a Final Office Action relating to Aerkomm Inc. indicating that the Company’s US trademark application (Serial No. 88464588) for the name “AERKOMM,” which was originally filed with the USPTO on June 7, 2019, was being rejected because of a likelihood of confusion with a similarly sounding name trademarked at, and in use from, an earlier date. The Company is appealing this USPTO Final Office Action but there can be no guarantee that the USPTO will find on appeal in favor of the Company. The Company is actively considering changing the name and may determine to do so prior to any appeal decision by the USPTO.

 

26

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

Use of Terms

 

Except as otherwise indicated by the context and for the purposes of this report only, references in this report to “we,” “us,” “our,” or “our company” are to the combined business of Aerkomm Inc., a Nevada corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries, including Aircom Pacific, Inc., a California corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary, or Aircom; Aircom Pacific Ltd., a Republic of Seychelles company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Aircom; Aerkomm Pacific Limited, a Malta company and wholly owned subsidiary of Aircom Pacific Ltd.; Aircom Pacific Inc. Limited, a Hong Kong company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Aircom; Aircom Japan, Inc., a Japanese company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Aircom; and Aircom Telecom LLC, a Taiwanese company and wholly-owned subsidiary of Aircom, Aircom Taiwan, or Aircom Beijing.

 

Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

 

Certain information contained in this report includes forward-looking statements. The statements herein which are not historical reflect our current expectations and projections about our future results, performance, liquidity, financial condition, prospects and opportunities and are based upon information currently available to us and our interpretation of what is believed to be significant factors affecting the businesses, including many assumptions regarding future events. The following factors, among others, may affect our forward-looking statements:

 

our future financial and operating results;

 

our intentions, expectations and beliefs regarding anticipated growth, market penetration and trends in our business;

 

the impact and effects of the global outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and other potential pandemics or contagious diseases or fear of such outbreaks, on the global airline and tourist industries, especially in the Asia Pacific region;

 

our ability to attract and retain customers;

 

our dependence on growth in our customers’ businesses;

 

the effects of changing customer needs in our market;

 

the effects of market conditions on our stock price and operating results;

 

  our ability to successfully complete the development, testing and initial implementation of our product offerings;

 

  our ability to maintain our competitive advantages against competitors in our industry;

 

  our ability to timely and effectively adapt our existing technology and have our technology solutions gain market acceptance;

 

  our ability to introduce new product offerings and bring them to market in a timely manner;

 

  our ability to obtain required telecommunications, aviation and other licenses and approvals necessary for our operations

 

  our ability to maintain, protect and enhance our intellectual property;

 

  the effects of increased competition in our market and our ability to compete effectively;

 

  our expectations concerning relationship with customers and other third parties;

 

  the attraction and retention of qualified employees and key personnel;

 

  future acquisitions of our investments in complementary companies or technologies; and

 

  our ability to comply with evolving legal standards and regulations.

 

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Forward-looking statements, which involve assumptions and describe our future plans, strategies, and expectations, are generally identifiable by use of the words “may,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” or “project” or the negative of these words or other variations on these words or comparable terminology. Actual results, performance, liquidity, financial condition, prospects and opportunities could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements as a result of various risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the ability to raise sufficient capital to continue our operations. Actual events or results may differ materially from those discussed in forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including, without limitation, the risks outlined under “Risk Factors” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and matters described in this report generally. In light of these risks and uncertainties, there can be no assurance that the forward-looking statements contained in this report will in fact occur.

 

Potential investors should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Except as expressly required by the federal securities laws, there is no undertaking to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, changed circumstances or any other reason.

 

The specific discussions herein about our company include financial projections and future estimates and expectations about our business. The projections, estimates and expectations are presented in this report only as a guide about future possibilities and do not represent actual amounts or assured events. All the projections and estimates are based exclusively on our management’s own assessment of our business, the industry in which we work and the economy at large and other operational factors, including capital resources and liquidity, financial condition, fulfillment of contracts and opportunities. The actual results may differ significantly from the projections.

 

Potential investors should not make an investment decision based solely on our company’s projections, estimates or expectations. 

 

Overview

 

With advanced technologies and a unique business model, we, as a development stage service provider of IFEC solutions, intend to provide airline passengers with a broadband in-flight experience that encompasses a wide range of service options. Such options include Wi-Fi, cellular, movies, gaming, live TV, and music. We plan to offer these core services, which we are currently still developing, through both built-in in-flight entertainment systems, such as seat-back display, as well as on passengers’ own personal devices. We also expect to provide content management services and e-commerce solutions related to our IFEC solutions.

 

We plan to partner with airlines and offer airline passengers free IFEC services. We expect to generate revenue through advertising and in-flight transactions. We believe that this is an innovative approach that differentiates us from existing market players.

 

To complement and facilitate our planned IFEC service offerings, we intend to build satellite ground stations and related data centers within the geographic regions where we expect to be providing IFEC airline services.

 

Additionally, we have developed and begun to market two internet connectivity systems, one for hotels primarily located in remote regions and the other for maritime use. Both systems operate through a Ku/Ku high throughput satellite, or HTS. We also expect to develop a remote connectivity system that will be applicable to the highspeed rail industry.

 

Our total sales were $35,523 and $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020.

  

Business Development

 

We are actively working with prospective airline customers to provide services to their passengers utilizing the Airbus certified AERKOMM K++ system. We have entered into non-binding memoranda of understanding with a number of airlines, including Air Malta Airlines of Malta and Onur Air of Turkey. There can be no assurances, however, that these will lead to actual purchase agreements.

 

In view of the increasing demand by the airlines for a bigger data throughput, during the course of discussions between us and Airbus, we have revised our strategy to focus primarily on Ka-band IFEC solutions for airlines and have suspended work on our dual band (Ka/Ku) satellite inflight connectivity solution. The Ku-band system will, however, still be retained for other product applications such as remote locations and maritime use.

 

In connection with the Airbus project, we also identified owners of ACJ aircraft, as potential customers of our AERKOMM K++ system. ACJ customers, however, would not generate enough internet traffic to make our free-service business model viable. To capitalize on this additional market, we plan to sell our AERKOMM K++ system hardware for installation on ACJ corporate jets and provide connectivity through subscription-based plans. This new corporate jet market would generate additional revenue and income for our company. We are currently in advanced discussions with a number of ACJ customers, some of whom have more than one aircraft in their fleets.

 

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Our AERKOMM K++ System

 

Following the course of discussions between us and Airbus and in view of the increasing demand by the airlines for a bigger data throughput, we have revised our strategy to focus primarily on Ka-band satellite connectivity solutions for aviation customers and have suspended work on our dual band satellite connectivity solution. Our AERKOMM K++ system will operate through Ka/Ka High Throughput Satellites. The Ku-band system will, however, still be retained for the other applications such as remote locations and maritime use.

 

Our AERKOMM K++ system will contain a low-profile radome (that is, a dome or similar structure protecting our radio equipment) containing two Ka-band antennas, one for transmitting and the other for receiving, and will comply with the ARINC 791 standard of Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated. Our AERKOMM K++ system also meets Airbus Design Organization Approval.

 

GEO (Geostationary Earth Orbiting) and LEO (Low Earth Orbiting) Ka-band Satellites

 

Our initial AERKOMM K++ system will work only with geostationary earth orbiting, or GEO, Ka-band satellites. Performance of GEO satellites diminishes greatly in the areas near the Earth’s poles. Only low earth orbiting, or LEO, satellites can collect high quality data over the North and South poles. We are developing technologies to work with LEO satellites and plans to partner with Airbus to develop aircraft installation solutions. As new GEO and LEO Ka-band satellites are being regularly launched over the next few years, which, we expect, will enable the provision of worldwide aircraft coverage, we plan to have the necessary technology ready to take advantage of this new trend in Ka-band aviation connectivity, although it cannot assure you that it will be successful in this new area of endeavor.

 

Ground-based Satellite System Sales

 

Since our acquisition of Aircom Taiwan in December 2017, this wholly owned subsidiary has been developing ground-based satellite connectivity components which have an application in remote regions that lack regular affordable ground-based communications. In September 2018, Aircom Taiwan consummated its first sale of such a component, a small cell server terminal, in the amount of $1,730,000. This server terminal will be utilized by the purchaser in the construction of a satellite-based ground communication system which will act as a multicast service extension of existing networks. The system is designed to extend local existing networks, such as ISPs and mobile operators, into rural areas and create better coverage and affordable connectivity in these areas. Aircom Taiwan expects to sell additional satellite connectivity components, systems and services to be used in ground mobile units in the future, although there can be no assurances that it will be successful in these endeavors.

 

In addition, in September 2018, Aircom Taiwan provided installation and testing services of a satellite-based ground connectivity system to a remote island resort and received service income related to this project in the amount of $15,000. Upon the completion of this system’s testing phase, and assuming that the system operates satisfactorily, Aircom Taiwan expects to begin to sell this system to multiple, remotely located resorts. We can make no assurances at this time however, that this system will operate satisfactorily, that we will be successful in introducing this system as a viable product offering or that we will be able to generate any additional revenue from the sale and deployment of this system.

 

Recent Events

 

Short Term Loan

 

In June 2021, we entered into a loan agreement in the amount of $1,433,177 (NT $40,000,000) with a non-related party. This loan, which carries no interest, originally matured on July 16, 2021. As of August 20, 2021, the loan is still outstanding we and the lender signed an amendment agreement to extend the loan repayment date to September 16, 2021.

 

Product Supply Agreement

 

On April 25, 2021, we entered into a product supply agreement with a customer. As of June 30, 2021, we received $1,611,357 from the customer towards the purchase price of this equipment.

 

Definitive Agreement with YuanJiu

 

On June 1, 2021, we entered into a definitive contractor agreement with YuanJiu pursuant to the terms of which YuanJiu will serve the exclusive service provider to us in Asia with respect to the installation and service of our Aerkomm AirCinema Cube (“ACC”) product and the related Rayfin software platform on which AAC will operate.

 

Taiwan Land Acquisition

 

On July 10, 2018, our Company and Aerkomm Taiwan entered into a real estate sale contract (the “Land Purchase Contract”) with Tsai Ming-Yin (the “Seller”) with respect to the acquisition by Aerkomm Taiwan of a parcel of land located in Taiwan. The land is expected to be used to build a satellite ground station and data center. Pursuant to the terms of the Land Purchase Contract, and subsequent amendments on July 30, 2018, September 4, 2018, November 2, 2018 and January 3, 2019, we paid to the seller in installments refundable prepayments of $34,474,462 in total. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the estimated commission payable for the land purchase in the amount of $1,387,127 was recorded to the cost of land and the payment to be paid after the full payment of the Land acquisition price no later than December 31, 2021. According to the amended Land Purchase Contract dated on November 10, 2020, the transaction may be terminated any time by both the buyer and the seller and agreed by all parties if we are unable to obtain the qualified satellite license issued by Taiwan authority before July 31, 2021. As of August 20, 2021, the license applications are still in progress.

 

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Employment Agreement with Louis Giordimaina

 

On May 25, 2021, we entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Giordimaina, pursuant to which Mr. Giordimaina was hired to serve as our Chief Executive Officer. Pursuant to the employment agreement, Mr. Giordimaina will receive an annual salary of €540,000, approximately $636,984. Mr. Giordimaina will also receive signing bonus of €60,000, approximately $70,776, and 150,000 shares of our stock options to be issued as soon as a new equity incentive plan has been authorized by our shareholders. A bonus will be considered, comparable to those that may be offered to other executives once a satisfactory revenue stream is established at Aerkomm as a result of Mr. Giordimaina’s efforts. Mr. Giordimaina will be granted an option to purchase 18,750 shares of our common stock each calendar quarter in arrears on the last working day of the three-month period starting on June 1, 2021 and vest when issued. We will cover and pay any premium up to a maximum of €2,500, approximately $2,949, per annum for any international private health insurance which Mr. Giordimaina may have in place from time to time covering Mr. Giordimaina and his wife; we will recommend board approval for life insurance coverage for Mr. Giordimaina comparable with our other executives; we will pay Mr. Giordimaina the sum of €6,000, approximately $7,078, per year to any private pension fund scheme/s designated by Mr. Giordimaina, we will pay Mr. Giordimaina €18,000, approximately $21,233, per annum as an allowance for a leased car and fuel expenses, to be paid in equal monthly instalments, we will provide Mr. Giordimaina with a mobile telephone for his business use, as well as a lap top computer and an iPad, and we will reimburse Mr. Giordimaina for all actual, necessary and reasonable expenses incurred by him in the course of his performance of services for the Company. The employment agreement contains customary confidentiality provisions and covenants prohibiting Mr. Giordimaina from competing with us during his employment, and from soliciting any of our employees or consultants for a period of one year after his employment end. If Mr. Giordimaina’s employment is terminated by us without cause, he shall be entitled to one-half of his full salary for the remainder of the initial three-year term of his agreement.

 

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

 

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a particularly adverse impact on the airline industry. The outbreak in China and throughout the world since December 2019 has led to a precipitous decrease in the number of daily departures and arrivals for domestic and international flights.

 

Principal Factors Affecting Financial Performance

 

We believe that our operating and business performance will be driven by various factors that affect the commercial airline industry, including trends affecting the travel industry and trends affecting the customer bases that we target, as well as factors that affect wireless Internet service providers and general macroeconomic factors. Key factors that may affect our future performance include:

 

  our ability to enter into and maintain long-term business arrangements with airline partners, which depends on numerous factors including the real or perceived availability, quality and price of our services and product offerings as compared to those offered by our competitors;
     
  the extent of the adoption of our products and services by airline partners and customers;
     
  costs associated with implementing, and our ability to implement on a timely basis, our technology, upgrades and installation technologies;
     
  costs associated with and our ability to execute our expansion, including modification to our network to accommodate satellite technology, development and implementation of new satellite-based technologies, the availability of satellite capacity, costs of satellite capacity to which we may have to commit well in advance, and compliance with regulations;
     
  costs associated with managing a rapidly growing company;
     
  the impact and effects of the global outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and other potential pandemics or contagious diseases or fear of such outbreaks, on the global airline and tourist industries, especially in the Asia Pacific region;
     
  the number of aircraft in service in our markets, including consolidation of the airline industry or changes in fleet size by one or more of our commercial airline partners;
     
  the economic environment and other trends that affect both business and leisure travel;
     
  continued demand for connectivity and proliferation of Wi-Fi enabled devices, including smartphones, tablets and laptops;
     
  our ability to obtain required telecommunications, aviation and other licenses and approvals necessary for our operations; and
     
  changes in laws, regulations and interpretations affecting telecommunications services and aviation, including, in particular, changes that impact the design of our equipment and our ability to obtain required certifications for our equipment.

 

Emerging Growth Company

 

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. As a result, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements. For so long as we are an emerging growth company, we will not be required to:

 

  have an auditor report on our internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

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  comply with any requirement that may be adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements (i.e., an auditor discussion and analysis);

 

  submit certain executive compensation matters to shareholder advisory votes, such as “say-on-pay” and “say-on-frequency;” and

 

disclose certain executive compensation related items such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the CEO’s compensation to median employee compensation.

 

In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, for complying with new or revised accounting standards.

 

In other words, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Our financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

 

We will remain an “emerging growth company” for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our total annual gross revenues exceed $1 billion, (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, which would occur if the market value of our shares of common stock that are held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three year period.

  

Recent Market Information

 

In the IATA (International Air Transportation Association) Airlines Financial Monitor dated November - December 2020, published on January 21, 2021, the following key points were highlighted:

 

  The final Q3 2020 financial results show that airlines continued to suffer from very weak travel demand and burnt cash, albeit at a slower rate compared to Q2 with the help of cost cutting measures and robust cargo revenues.
     
  Initial Q4 2020 earnings announcements indicate that airlines continued to burn cash as the recovery in demand stalled. However, the vaccine news makes IATA estimate that airlines could achieve cash break-even towards the end of 2021.
     
  The global airline share price index rose in December 2020 but still lagged wider equity markets as the resurgence of the virus weighed on the travel demand recovery.
     
  Looking forward, the widespread availability of vaccines and implementation of successful testing regimes will be key for the recovery in travel demand and airline share prices.

 

In general, because the future of the COVID-19 pandemic is so unpredictable, the future of airline and air traffic recovery is extremely unpredictable as well.

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

The following table sets forth key components of our results of operations during the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   Change 
   2021   2020   $   % 
Sales  $72,000   $-   $72,000    100.0%
Cost of sales   43,878    -    43,878    100.0%
Operating expenses   1,996,515    2,686,549    (690,034)   (25.7)%
Loss from operations   (1,968,393)   (2,686,549)   718,156    (26.7)%
Net non-operating income (expense)   432,466    565,354    (132,888)   (23.5)%
Loss before income taxes   (1,535,927)   (2,121,195)   585,268    (27.6)%
Income tax expense   (26)   11    (37)   (336.4)%
Net Loss   (1,535,901)   (2,121,206)   585,305    (27.6)%
Other comprehensive income (loss)   (524,181)   (571,592)   47,411    (8.3)%
Total comprehensive loss  $(2,060,082)  $(2,692,798)  $632,716    (23.5%

 

Revenue. Our total revenue was $72,000 and $0 for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Our total revenue was $72,000 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 due to our sale of ground antenna units to one of our related parties. Our total revenue of $0 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 as we are still developing our core business in in-flight entertainment and connectivity and there was no non-recurring sale of equipment to related parties during the period.

 

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Cost of sales. Our cost of sales was $43,878 and $0 for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The cost of sales for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 was $43,878 was the costs of our sale of ground antenna units to one of our related parties. The cost of sales for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 was $0 as we did not have any sales during the periods.

 

Operating expenses. Our operating expenses consist primarily of compensation and benefits, professional advisor fees, research and development expenses, cost of promotion, business development, business travel, transportation costs, and other expenses incurred in connection with general operations. Our operating expenses decreased by $690,034, or 25.7%, to $1,996,515 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021, from $2,686,549 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020. This decrease was mainly due to a decrease in consulting fees as the result of warrant re-valuation, non-cash stock-based compensation expense, travel expense and accounting and auditing related expense and insurance expense of $535,152, $269,657, $93,133 and $61,760, respectively, which was offset by the increase in payroll and payroll related expense, legal expense, insurance expense and amortization expense of $93,032, $76,199, $40,605 and $38,872, respectively. The increase in insurance expense was mainly related to the amortization of D&O insurance during the period.

 

Net non-operating expense. We had $432,466 in net non-operating income for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to net non-operating expense of $565,354 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020. Net non-operating income in the three-month period ended June 30, 2021 represents a gain of $512,418 in foreign exchange translation, a net interest expense of $29,791, financing cost of $48,094 from the amortization of bond issuing costs and unrealized loss in investment of $18,741. The net non-operating expense in the three-month period ended June 30, 2020 was mainly due to a gain on foreign exchange translation of $536,461, unrealized gain from the transactions of our liquidity contract of $20,514 and a Covid-19 subsidy that Aircom Japan received from the Japanese government in the amount of $18,482.

 

Loss before income taxes. Our loss before income taxes decreased by $585,268, or 27.6%, to $1,535,927 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021, from a loss of $2,121,195 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020, as a result of the factors described above.

 

Total comprehensive loss. As a result of the cumulative effect of the factors described above, our total comprehensive loss decreased by $632,716, or 23.5%, to $2,060,082 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2021, from $2,692,798 for the three-month period ended June 30, 2020.

 

Comparison of Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

The following table sets forth key components of our results of operations during the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

   Six Months Ended
June 30,
   Change 
   2021   2020   $   % 
Sales  $72,000   $-   $72,000    100.0%
Cost of sales   43,878    -    43,878    100.0%
Operating expenses   5,167,514    4,642,594    524,920    11.3%
Loss from operations   (5,139,392)   (4,642,594)   (496,798)   10.7%
Net non-operating income (expense)   (621,366)   158,157    (779,523)   (492.9)%
Loss before income taxes   (5,760,758)   (4,484,437)   (1,276,321)   28.5%
Income tax expense   3,269    3,263    6    0.2%
Net Loss   (5,764,027)   (4,487,700)   (1,276,327)   28.4%
Other comprehensive income (loss)   (130,414)   (227,817)   97,403    (42.8)%
Total comprehensive loss  $(5,894,441)  $(4,715,517)  $(1,178,924)   25.0%

 

Revenue. Our total revenue was $72,000 and $0 for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Our total revenue was $72,000 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 because due to our sale of ground antenna units to one of our related parties. Our total revenue was $0 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2020 as we are still developing our core business in in-flight entertainment and connectivity and there was no non-recurring sale of equipment to related parties during the period.

 

Cost of sales. Our cost of sales was $43,878 and $0 for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The cost of sales for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 was $43,878 which was the cost of our sale of ground antenna units to one of our related parties. The cost of sales for the six-month period ended June 30, 2020 was $0 as we did not have any sales during that period.

 

Operating expenses. Our operating expenses consist primarily of compensation and benefits, professional advisor fees, research and development expenses, cost of promotion, business development, business travel, transportation costs, and other expenses incurred in connection with general operations. Our operating expenses increased by $524,920, or 11.3%, to $5,167,514 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, from $4,642,594 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2020. This increase was mainly due to the increase in non-cash stock-based compensation expense, payroll and payroll related expense, accounting and audit fees and insurance expense of $945,881, $242,871, $152,810 and $116,424, respectively, which was offset by the decrease in consulting fees as the result of warrant re-valuation and travel expense of $861,056 and $106,772. The increase in insurance expense was mainly related to the amortization of D&O insurance during the period.

 

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Net non-operating expense. We had $621,366 in net non-operating expense for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, as compared to net non-operating income of $158,157 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2020. Net non-operating expense in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 represents an unrealized loss in investment of $643,480, amortization of financing cost of $95,660 from bond issuing, net interest expense of $53,810, gain in foreign exchange translation of $141,914 and government subsidies of $29,669 from the Japanese and Hong Kong governments. Net non-operating income in the six-month period ended June 30, 2020 represents gain on foreign exchange translation of $215,760 and a Covid-19 subsidy Aircom Japan received from the Japanese government in the amount of $18,482, which was offset by the unrealized loss from the transactions of our liquidity contract of $60,170.

 

Loss before income taxes. Our loss before income taxes increased by $1,276,321, or 28.5%, to $5,760,758 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, from a loss of $4,484,437 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2020, as a result of the factors described above.

 

Income tax expense. Income tax expense was $3,269 and $3,263 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, mainly due to a California franchise tax and foreign subsidiary’s income tax expenses.

 

Total comprehensive loss. As a result of the cumulative effect of the factors described above, our total comprehensive loss increased by $1,178,924, or 25.0%, to $5,894,441 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, from $4,715,517 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2020.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources 

 

As of June 30, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of $3,250,487. To date, we have financed our operations primarily through cash proceeds from financing activities, including through our completed public offering, short-term borrowings and equity contributions by our stockholders. 

 

The following table provides detailed information about our net cash flow:  

 

Cash Flow

 

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
    2021     2020  
Net cash used for operating activities   $ (1,418,381 )   $ (1,523,935 )
Net cash used for investing activity     (5,078 )     (186,680 )
Net cash provided by financing activity     1,009,769       1,375,917  
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents     (413,690 )     (334,698 )
Cash at beginning of year     3,794,591       976,829  
Foreign currency translation effect on cash     (130,414 )     (227,817 )
Cash at end of the periods   $ 3,250,487     $ 414,314  

 

Operating Activities 

 

Net cash used for operating activities was $1,418,381 for the six months ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $1,523,935 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. In addition to the net loss of $5,764,027, the increase in net cash used for operating activities during the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 was mainly due to increase in inventory and prepaid expenses and other current assets of $1,575,436 and $355,764, respectively, offset by the increase in accrued expense and other current liabilities and prepayment from a customer of $1,908,033 and $1,611,357, respectively. In addition to the net loss of $4,487,700, the increase in net cash used for operating activities during the six-month period ended June 30, 2020 was mainly due to an increase in inventory of $1,811,443, which was offset by a decrease in accounts receivable of $451,130 and increase in accounts payable and accrued expense and other current liabilities of $961,610 and $1,280,837, respectively.

 

Investing Activities 

 

Net cash used by investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $5,078 as compared to net cash used by investing activities of $186,680 for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The net cash provided by investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was mainly due to the purchase of property and equipment of $3,521. The net cash used for investing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was mainly for the purchase of trading securities of $157,756 and the purchase of property and equipment of $28,924.

 

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Financing Activities 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 was $1,009,769 and $1,375,917 respectively. Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was mainly attributable to proceeds from short-term loan of $1,017,693. Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was mainly attributable to net proceeds from the borrowing of a short-term bank loan under the PPP program in the amount of $163,200 and short-term loans of $1,221,211.

 

On May 9, 2019, two of our current shareholders, whom we refer to as the Lenders, each committed to provide us with a $10 million bridge loan, or together, the Loans, for an aggregate principal amount of $20 million, to bridge our cash flow needs prior to our obtaining a mortgage loan to be secured by a parcel of our Taiwan land parcel which we have recently purchased. The Taiwan land parcel consists of approximately 6.36 acres of undeveloped land located at the Taishui Grottoes in the Xinyi District of Keelung City, Taiwan. Aerkomm Taiwan contracted to purchase the Taiwan land parcel for NT$1,056,297,507, or US$34,474,462, and as of July 3, 2019 we completed payment of the purchase price for the Taiwan land parcel in full. We are now waiting for title to the Taiwan land parcel to be transferred to us pending the completion of a local governmental land office re-titling process. The Loans will be secured by the Taiwan land parcel with the initial closing date of the Loans to be a date, designated by us, within 30 days following the date that the title for the Taiwan land parcel is fully transferred to and vested in our subsidiary, Aerkomm Taiwan. The Loans will bear interest, non-compounding, at the Bank of America Prime Rate plus 1%, annually, calculated on the actual number of days the Loans are outstanding and based on a 365-day year and will be due and payable upon the earlier of (1) the date of our obtaining a mortgage loan secured by the Taiwan land parcel with a principal amount of not less than $20 million and (2) one year following the initial closing date of the Loans. The Lenders also agreed to an earlier closing of up to 25% of the principal amounts of the Loans upon our request prior to the time that title to the Taiwan land parcel is transferred to our subsidiary, Aerkomm Taiwan, provided that we provide adequate evidence to the Lenders that the proceeds of such an earlier closing would be applied to pay our vendors. We, of course, cannot provide any assurances that we will be able to obtain a mortgage on the Taiwan land parcel once the acquisition is completed. As of the date of this annual report, we have not drawn down any portion of the Loans.

 

On July 10, 2018, in conjunction with our agreement to acquire the Taiwan land parcel, we entered into a binding letter of commitment with Metro Investment Group Limited, or MIGL, pursuant to which we agreed to pay MIGL an agent commission of four percent (4%) of the full purchase price of the Taiwan land parcel, equivalent to approximately US$1,387,127, for MIGL’s services provided with respect to the acquisition. Under the terms of the initial with MIGL, we agreed to pay this commission no later than 90 days following payment in full of the Taiwan land parcel purchase price. On May 9, 2019, we amended the binding letter of commitment with MIGL to extend the payment to be paid after the full payment of the Land acquisition price until no later than December 31, 2020. If there is a delay in payment, we shall be responsible for punitive liquidated damages at the rate of one tenth of one percent (0.1%) of the commission per day of delay with a maximum cap to these damages of five percent (5%). Under applicable Taiwanese law, the commission was due and payable upon signing of the letter of commitment even if the contract is cancelled for any reason and the acquisition is not completed. We have recorded the estimated commission to the cost of land and will be paying the amount no later than December 31, 2021.

 

On December 3, 2020, the Company closed a private placement offering (the “Bond Offering”) consisting of US$10,000,000 in aggregate principal amount of its Credit Enhanced Zero Coupon Convertible Bond due 2025 (the “Credit Enhanced Bonds”) and US$200,000 in aggregate principal amount of its 7.5% convertible bonds due 2025 (the “Coupon Bonds,” and together with the Credited Enhanced Bonds, the “Bonds”).

 

Payments of principal, premium, interest in respect of the Credit Enhanced Bonds are protected by a bank guarantee denominated in U.S. dollars and issued by Bank of Panhsin Co., Ltd., based in Taiwan. Unless previously redeemed, converted or repurchased and canceled, the Credit Enhanced Bonds will be redeemed on December 2, 2025 at 105.11% of their principal amount and the Coupon Bonds will be redeemed on December 2, 2025 at 100% of their principal amount plus any accrued and unpaid interest. The Coupon Bonds will bear interest from and including December 2, 2020 at the rate of 7.5% per annum. Interest on the Coupon Bonds is payable semi-annually in arrears on June 1 and December 1 each year, commencing on June 1, 2021. Unless previously redeemed, converted or repurchased and cancelled, the Bonds may be converted at any time on or after December 3, 2020 up to November 20, 2025 into shares of Common Stock of the Company with a par value US$0.001 each (such shares of Common Stock, the “Conversion Shares”). The initial conversion price for the Bonds is US$13.30 per Conversion Share and is subject to adjustment in specified circumstances. Please refer to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with SEC on December 4, 2020.

 

On December 31, 2020, we entered into an underwriting agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with Invest Securities SA (“Invest Securities”) in connection with our public offering (the “2020/2021 Offering”), issuance and sale of up to 1,951,219 shares of our common stock on a best-efforts basis at the public offering price of €20.50 (approximately $25.07) per share, less underwriting discounts, for up to a maximum of €40 million (approximately $48.9 million). On December 31, 2020, we completed our first closing of the 2020/2021 Offering and issued an aggregate of 96,160 shares of our common stock for gross proceeds of €1.97 million (approximately $2.41 million), or net proceeds of €1.4 million (approximately $1.7 million). The Underwriting Agreement with Invest Securities has expired and we are currently exploring whether to attempt to extend the Underwriting Agreement with Invest Securities or engage a different investment banker to assist us in proceeding with the 2020/2021 Offering. We can provide no assurances, however, that we will be successful in these efforts.

 

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We have not generated significant revenues, excluding non-recurring revenues from affiliates in the second quarter of fiscal 2021, and we will incur additional expenses as a result of being a public reporting company. For the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, we incurred a comprehensive loss of $5,868,162 and had a negative working capital of $3,169,689 as of June 30, 2021. Currently, we have taken measures, as discussed above, that management believes will improve our financial position by financing activities, including through our ongoing public offering, short-term and long-term borrowings and fund raisings. However, there is no assurance that we will be successful in achieving our financial and business objectives. There are a number of factors that could potentially arise that could result in shortfalls in achieving the objectives in our business plan, such as general, worldwide economic conditions, the competitive pricing in the connectivity industry, the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, our operating results continuing to deteriorate and our bank and shareholders not being able to provide continued financial support.

 

Capital Expenditures

 

Our operations continue to require significant capital expenditures primarily for technology development, equipment and capacity expansion. Capital expenditures are associated with the supply of airborne equipment to our prospective airline partners, which correlates directly to the roll out and/or upgrade of service to our prospective airline partners’ fleets. Capital spending is also associated with the expansion of our network, ground stations and data centers and includes design, permitting, network equipment and installation costs.

 

Capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 were $5,078 and $186,680, respectively.

 

We anticipate an increase in capital spending in our fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 and estimate that capital expenditures will range from $10 million to $50 million as we begin airborne equipment installations and continue to execute our expansion strategy. We expect to raise these funds through our planned public offering, the registration statement for which is currently under review by the SEC, and/or through other sources of equity or debt financings. There can be no assurance, however, that our planned public offering will proceed successfully, if at all, or that we will be able to raise the required funds through other means on acceptable terms to us, if at all. 

 

Inflation

 

Inflation and changing prices have not had a material effect on our business and we do not expect that inflation or changing prices will materially affect our business in the foreseeable future. However, our management will closely monitor price changes in our industry and continually maintain effective cost control in operations.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity or capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to an investor in our securities.

 

Seasonality

 

Our operating results and operating cash flows historically have not been subject to significant seasonal variations. This pattern may change, however, as a result of new market opportunities or new product introductions.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires our management to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported, including the notes thereto, and related disclosures of commitments and contingencies, if any. We have identified certain accounting policies that are significant to the preparation of our financial statements. These accounting policies are important for an understanding of our financial condition and results of operation. Critical accounting policies are those that are most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and require management’s difficult, subjective, or complex judgment, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and may change in subsequent periods. Certain accounting estimates are particularly sensitive because of their significance to financial statements and because of the possibility that future events affecting the estimate may differ significantly from management’s current judgments. We believe the following critical accounting policies involve the most significant estimates and judgments used in the preparation of our financial statements: 

 

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Concentrations of Credit Risk. Financial instruments that potentially subject to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash in banks. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the total balance of cash in bank exceeding the amount insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) for the Company was approximately $0 and $0, respectively. The balance of cash deposited in foreign financial institutions exceeding the amount insured by local insurance is approximately $3,107,000 and $3,514,000 as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. We perform ongoing credit evaluation of its customers and requires no collateral. An allowance for doubtful accounts is provided based on a review of the collectability of accounts receivable. We determine the amount of allowance for doubtful accounts by examining its historical collection experience and current trends in the credit quality of its customers as well as its internal credit policies. Actual credit losses may differ from our estimates.

 

Short-term investment. The Company’s short-term investment securities are classified as trading security. The securities are stated at fair value within current assets on the Company’s condensed balance sheets. Fair value is calculated based on publicly available market information or other estimates determined by the Company. Changes in fair value are recorded in current income. 

 

Inventories. Inventories are recorded at the lower of weighted-average cost or net realizable value. We assess the impact of changing technology on our inventory on hand and writes off inventories that are considered obsolete. Estimated losses on scrap and slow-moving items are recognized in the allowance for losses.

 

Long-term Investment. Long-term investment includes holdings of marketable equity securities with less than 20% of ownership of the investee. Marketable equity securities include equity securities which are initially recognized at fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition. Changes in fair value from subsequent remeasurement are reported under non-operating income in the statement of income. The accumulated gains or losses are recognized in earnings when the securities are derecognized from the balance sheet. The cost of the securities sold is based on the weighted average cost method. Stock dividend from the investee is included to recalculate the cost basis of the investment based on the total number of shares. Investments are considered to be impaired when a decline in fair value is judged to be other than temporary. If the cost of an investment exceeds its fair value, the Company evaluates, among other factors, general market conditions, the duration and extent to which the fair value is less than cost, as well as its intent and ability to hold the investment, for recording an impairment loss.

 

Property and Equipment. Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. When value impairment is determined, the related assets are stated at the lower of fair value or book value. Significant additions, renewals and betterments are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is computed by using the straight-line and double declining method over the following estimated service lives: computer equipment - 3 to 5 years, furniture and fixtures - 5 years, satellite equipment – 5 years, vehicles – 5 years and lease improvement – 5 years. Construction costs for on-flight entertainment equipment not yet in service are recorded under construction in progress. Upon sale or disposal of property and equipment, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the corresponding accounts, with any gain or loss credited or charged to income in the period of sale or disposal. We review the carrying amount of property and equipment for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. We determined that there was no impairment loss for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

Right-of-Use Asset and Lease Liability. In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases” (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), which modifies lease accounting for both lessees and lessors to increase transparency and comparability by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases and finance leases under previous accounting standards and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. A lessee should recognize the lease liability to make lease payments and the right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For operating leases and finance leases, a right-of-use asset and a lease liability are initially measured at the present value of the lease payments by discount rates. The Company’s lease discount rates are generally based on its incremental borrowing rate, as the discount rates implicit in the Company’s leases is readily determinable. Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are included in property and equipment and lease liability in our consolidated balance sheets. Lease expense for operating expense payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Interest and amortization expenses are recognized for finance leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term. For the leases with a term of twelve months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. If a lessee makes this election, it should recognize lease expense for such leases generally on a straight-line basis over the lease term. We adopted ASU 2016-02 effective January 1, 2019.

 

Goodwill and Purchased Intangible Assets. Goodwill represents the amount by which the total purchase price paid exceeded the estimated fair value of net assets acquired from acquisition of subsidiaries. We test goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, or more often if events or circumstances indicate that there may be impairment. Purchased intangible assets with finite life are amortized on the straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of respective assets. Purchased intangible assets with indefinite life are evaluated for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. Purchased intangible asset consists of satellite system software and is amortized over 10 years.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments. We utilize the three-level valuation hierarchy for the recognition and disclosure of fair value measurements. The categorization of assets and liabilities within this hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy consist of the following:

 

Level 1 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the instrument.

 

Level 3 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable inputs based upon management’s best estimate of inputs market participants could use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date, including assumptions.

 

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The carrying amounts of the Company’s cash and restricted cash, accounts payable, short-term loan and other payable approximated their fair value due to the short-term nature of these financial instruments. The Company’s short-term investment and long-term investment are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy on June 30, 2021. The Company’s long-term bonds payable, long-term loan and lease payable approximated the carrying amount as its interest rate is considered as approximate to the current rate for comparable loans and leases, respectively. There were no outstanding derivative financial instruments as of June 30, 2021.

  

Revenue Recognition. The Company adopted the provisions of ASU 2014-09 Revenue from Contract with Customers (Topic 606) and the principal versus agent guidance within the new revenue standard. As such, the Company identifies a contract with a customer, identifies the performance obligations in the contract, determines the transaction price, allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract and recognizes revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation.

 

Income Taxes. Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are computed for differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future based on enacted tax laws and rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. Income tax expense is the tax payable or refundable for the period plus or minus the change during the period in deferred tax assets and liabilities. Adjustments to prior period’s income tax liabilities are added to or deducted from the current period’s tax provision.

 

The Company follows FASB guidance on uncertain tax positions and has analyzed its filing positions in all the federal, state and foreign jurisdictions where it is required to file income tax returns, as well as all open tax years in those jurisdictions. The Company files income tax returns in the US federal, state and foreign jurisdictions where it conducts business. It is not subject to income tax examinations by US federal, state and local tax authorities for years before 2016. The Company believes that its income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and does not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Therefore, no reserves for uncertain tax positions have been recorded. The Company does not expect its unrecognized tax benefits to change significantly over the next twelve months.

 

The Company’s policy for recording interest and penalties associated with any uncertain tax positions is to record such items as a component of income before taxes. Penalties and interest paid or received, if any, are recorded as part of other operating expenses in the consolidated statement of operations.

  

Foreign Currency Transactions. Foreign currency transactions are recorded in U.S. dollars at the exchange rates in effect when the transactions occur. Exchange gains or losses derived from foreign currency transactions or monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in current income. At the end of each period, assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are revalued at the prevailing exchange rates with the resulting gains or losses recognized in income for the period. 

 

Translation Adjustments.  If a foreign subsidiary’s functional currency is the local currency, translation adjustments will result from the process of translating the subsidiary’s financial statements into the reporting currency of our company. Such adjustments are accumulated and reported under other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholder’s equity. 

  

Earnings (Loss) Per Share. Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common outstanding during the period increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that would have been outstanding if the potentially dilutive securities had been issued. Potentially dilutive securities include stock warrants and outstanding stock options, shares to be purchased by employees under the Company’s employee stock purchase plan.

 

Subsequent Events. The Company has evaluated events and transactions after the reported period up to August [*], 2021, the date on which these consolidated financial statements were available to be issued. All subsequent events requiring recognition as of June 30, 2021 have been included in these consolidated financial statements.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Simplifying the Accounting for Debt with Conversion and Other Options.

 

In June 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06 to simplify the accounting in ASC 470, Debt with Conversion and Other Options and ASC 815, Contracts in Equity’s Own Entity. The guidance simplifies the current guidance for convertible instruments and the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity. Additionally, the amendments affect the diluted EPS calculation for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares and for convertible instruments. This ASU will be effective beginning in the first quarter of the Company’s fiscal year 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments in this update must be applied on either full retrospective basis or modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings/(deficit) in the period of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2020-06 on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, as well as the timing of adoption.

 

Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12 to simplify the accounting in ASC 740, Income Taxes. This guidance removes certain exceptions related to the approach for intra-period tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period, and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. This guidance also clarifies and simplifies other areas of ASC 740. This ASU will be effective beginning in the first quarter of the Company’s fiscal year 2021. Early adoption is permitted. Certain amendments in this update must be applied on a prospective basis, certain amendments must be applied on a retrospective basis, and certain amendments must be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings/(deficit) in the period of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this ASU will have on the financial statements and related disclosures, as well as the timing of adoption.

 

Financial Instruments

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (“ASU 2016-13”), which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses of certain financial instruments. In February 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-02 and delayed the effective date of ASU 2016-13 until fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements. 

 

Earnings Per Share

 

In April 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, which included Topic 260 “Earnings Per Share”. This guidance clarifies and reduces diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options due to a lack of explicit guidance in the FASB Codification. The ASU 2021-04 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2021-04 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Disclosure controls and procedures refer to controls and other procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

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As required by Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act, our management has carried out an evaluation, with the participation and under the supervision of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as of June 30, 2021.

 

Based upon, and as of the date of this evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer determined that, because of the material weaknesses described in Item 9A “Controls and Procedures” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on March 24, 2021, and further referenced below, which we are still in the process of remediating as of June 30, 2021, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective. 

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

We regularly review our system of internal control over financial reporting and make changes to our processes and systems to improve controls and increase efficiency, while ensuring that we maintain an effective internal control environment. Changes may include such activities as implementing new, more efficient systems, consolidating activities, and migrating processes.

 

During its evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2021, our management identified the following material weaknesses:

 

  We do not have sufficient and skilled accounting personnel with an appropriate level of technical accounting knowledge and experience in the application of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States commensurate with our financial reporting requirements. To mitigate the current limited resources and limited employees, we rely heavily on the use of external legal and accounting professionals.

 

In order to cure the foregoing material weakness, we have taken or plan to take the following remediation measures:

 

  On November 5, 2018, we added a staff accountant with a CPA and technical accounting expertise to further support our current accounting personnel. As necessary, we will continue to engage consultants or outside accounting firms in order to ensure proper accounting for our consolidated financial statements.

 

We intend to complete the remediation of the material weakness discussed above as soon as practicable, but we can give no assurance that we will be able to do so. Designing and implementing an effective disclosure controls and procedures is a continuous effort that requires us to anticipate and react to changes in our business and the economic and regulatory environments and to devote significant resources to maintain a financial reporting system that adequately satisfies our reporting obligations. The remedial measures that we have taken and intend to take may not fully address the material weakness that we have identified, and material weaknesses in our disclosure controls and procedures may be identified in the future. Should we discover such conditions, we intend to remediate them as soon as practicable. We are committed to taking appropriate steps for remediation, as needed.

 

All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Other than in connection with the implementation of the remedial measures described above, there were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during quarter ended June 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

There were no material developments during the quarter ended June 30, 2021 to the legal proceedings previously disclosed in Item 3 “Legal Proceedings” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 24, 2021.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

  

For information regarding additional risk factors, please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on March 24, 2021.