Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Stock Based Compensation

v3.21.2
Stock Based Compensation
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2021
Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
Stock Based Compensation

NOTE 18 - Stock Based Compensation

 

In March 2014, Aircom’s Board of Directors adopted the 2014 Stock Option Plan (the “Aircom 2014 Plan”). The Aircom 2014 Plan provided for the granting of incentive stock options and non-statutory stock options to employees, consultants and outside directors of Aircom. On February 13, 2017, pursuant to the Exchange Agreement, Aerkomm assumed the options of Aircom 2014 Plan and agreed to issue options for an aggregate of 1,088,882 shares to Aircom’s stock option holders.

 

One-third of stock option shares will be vested as of the first anniversary of the time the option shares are granted or the employee’s acceptance to serve the Company, and 1/36th of the shares will be vested each month thereafter. Option price is determined by the Board of Directors. The Aircom 2014 Plan became effective upon its adoption by the Board and shall continue in effect for a term of 10 years unless sooner terminated under the terms of Aircom 2014 Plan.

 

On May 5, 2017, the Board of Directors of Aerkomm adopted the Aerkomm Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Aerkomm 2017 Plan” and together with the Aircom 2015 Plan, the “Plans”) and the reservation of 1,000,000 shares of common stock for issuance under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan. On June 23, 2017, the Board of Directors voted to increase the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 2,000,000 shares. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan provides for the granting of incentive stock options and non-statutory stock options to employees, consultants and outside directors of the Company, as determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors (or, prior to the establishment of the Compensation Committee on January 23, 2018, the Board of Directors).

 

On June 23, 2017, the Board of Directors agreed to issue options for an aggregate of 291,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to certain officers and directors of the Company. The option agreements are classified into three types of vesting schedule, which includes, 1) 1/6 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 1/60 for the next 60 months on the same day of the month as the vesting start date; 2) 1/4 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 1/36 for the next 36 months on the same day of the month as the vesting start date; 3) 1/3 of the shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the first anniversary of vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 50% each year for the next two years on the same day of the month as the vesting start date.

 

On July 31, 2017, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 109,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 11 of its employees. 1/3 of these shares subject to the option shall vest commencing on the first anniversary of vesting start date and the remaining shares shall vest at the rate of 50% each year for the next two years on the same day of the month as the vesting start date.

 

On December 29, 2017, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options were vested immediately upon issuance.

 

On June 19, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved to issue options for 32,000 and 30,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to two of the Company executives. One-fourth of the 32,000 shares subject to the option shall vest on May 1, 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022, respectively. One-third of the 30,000 shares subject to the option shall vest on May 29, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively.

 

On September 16, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved to issue options for 4,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to one of the Company’s independent directors. These options shall be vested immediately.

 

On December 29, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options were vested immediately upon issuance.

 

On July 2, 2019, the Board of Directors approved the grant of options to purchase an aggregate of 339,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 22 of its directors, officers and employees. 25% of the shares vested on the grant date, 25% of the shares vested on July 17, 2019, 25% of the shares will vest on the first anniversary of the grant date, and 25% of the shares will vest upon the second anniversary of the grant date. 

 

On October 4, 2019, the Board of Directors approved the grant of options to purchase an aggregate of 85,400 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three (3) of its employees. 25% of the shares vested on the grant date, and 25% of the shares will vest on each of October 4, 2020, October 4, 2021 and October 4, 2022, respectively.

 

On December 29, 2019, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options shall vest at the date of 1/12th each month for the next 12 months on the same day of December 2019.

 

On February 19, 2020, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for 2,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to one of the Company’s consultants for service provided in 2019. These options shall be vested immediately.

 

On September 17, 2020, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for 4,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to one of the Company’s independent directors. These options shall be vested at the date of 1/12th each month for the next 12 months on the same day of September 2020.

 

On December 11, 2020, the Board of Directors approved the grant of options to purchase an aggregate of 284,997 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to 37 of its directors, officers, employees and consultants. Shares shall be vested in full on the earlier of the filing date of the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 or March 31, 2021.

 

On January 23, 2021, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for an aggregate of 12,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to three of the Company’s independent directors, 4,000 shares each. All of these options shall vest 1/12th each month for the next 12 months at the end of each month up to December 2021. On January 23, 2021, the Board of Directors approved to issue options for 2,000 shares under the Aerkomm 2017 Plan to one of the Company’s consultants for service provided in 2020. These options vested immediately.

 

Option price is determined by the Compensation Committee. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan has been adopted by the Board and shall continue in effect for a term of 10 years unless sooner terminated under the terms of Aerkomm 2017 Plan. The Aerkomm 2017 Plan was approved by the Company’s stockholders on March 28, 2018. 

Valuation and Expense Information

 

Measurement and recognition of compensation expense based on estimated fair values is required for all share-based payment awards made to its employees and directors including employee stock options. The Company recognized compensation expense of $1,859,696 and $913,814 for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, related to such employee stock options.

 

Determining Fair Value

 

Valuation and amortization method

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing-model to estimate the fair value of stock options granted on the date of grant or modification and amortizes the fair value of stock-based compensation at the date of grant on a straight-line basis for recognizing stock compensation expense over the vesting period of the option.

 

Expected term

 

The expected term is the period of time that granted options are expected to be outstanding. The Company uses the SEC’s simplified method for determining the option expected term based on the Company’s historical data to estimate employee termination and options exercised.

 

Expected dividends

 

The Company does not plan to pay cash dividends before the options are expired. Therefore, the expected dividend yield used in the Black-Scholes option valuation model is zero.

 

Expected volatility

 

Since the Company has no historical volatility, it used the calculated value method which substitutes the historical volatility of a public company in the same industry to estimate the expected volatility of the Company’s share price to measure the fair value of options granted under the Plans.

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

The Company based the risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes option valuation model on the market yield in effect at the time of option grant provided in the Federal Reserve Board’s Statistical Releases and historical publications on the Treasury constant maturities rates for the equivalent remaining terms for the Plans.

 

Forfeitures

 

The Company is required to estimate forfeitures at the time of grant and revises those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Company uses historical data to estimate option forfeitures and records share-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest.

 

The Company used the following assumptions to estimate the fair value of options granted in six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and year ended December 31, 2020 under the Plans as follows:

 

Assumptions      
Expected term     5-10 years  
Expected volatility     45.79% – 72.81 % 
Expected dividends     0 %
Risk-free interest rate     0.69% - 2.99 %
Forfeiture rate     0 - 5 %

Aircom 2014 Plan

 

Activities related to options for the Aircom 2014 Plan for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

    Number of
Shares
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price Per
Share
    Weighted
Average Fair
Value Per
Share
 
Options outstanding at January 1, 2020     932,262     $        0.4081     $        0.1282  
Granted    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Exercised    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Forfeited/Cancelled    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Options outstanding at December 31, 2020           932,262       0.4081       0.1282  
Granted    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Exercised    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Forfeited/Cancelled    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Options outstanding at June 30, 2021 (unaudited)     932,262       0.4081       0.1282  

There are no unvested stock awards under Aircom 2014 Plan for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020.

  

Of the shares covered by options outstanding as of June 30, 2021, 932,262 are now exercisable. Information related to stock options outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2021, is as follows:

 

      Options Outstanding (Unaudited)     Options Exercisable (Unaudited)  

Range of
Exercise
Prices

    Shares
Outstanding at
6/30/2021
    Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
    Shares
Exercisable at
6/30/2021
    Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
$ 0.0067       820,391       3.67     $ 0.0067       820,391       3.67     $ 0.0067  
  3.3521       111,871       5.00       3.3521       111,871       5.00       3.3521  
          932,262       3.83       0.4081       932,262       3.83       0.4081  

 

As of June 30, 2021, there was no unrecognized stock-based compensation expense for the Aircom 2014 Plan. No option was exercised during the three-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

Aerkomm 2017 Plan

 

Activities related to options outstanding under Aerkomm 2017 Plan for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

    Number of
Shares
    Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price Per
Share
    Weighted
Average Fair
Value Per
Share
 
Options outstanding at January 1, 2020           719,400     $    14.4889     $        9.2431  
Granted     290,997       8.3880       6.3769  
Exercised    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Forfeited/Cancelled     (18,000 )     11.8067       7.3457  
Options outstanding at December 31, 2020     992,397       12.7486       8.4370  
Granted     14,000       7.2465       5.5352  
Exercised    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Forfeited/Cancelled    
-
     
-
     
-
 
Options outstanding at June 30, 2021 (unaudited)     1,006,397       12.6721       8.3967  

 

Activities related to unvested stock awards under Aerkomm 2017 Plan for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

    Number of
Shares
   

Weighted
Average
Fair Value 

Per Share

 
Options unvested at January 1, 2020     340,128     $      7.8313  
Granted     290,997       6.3769  
Vested     (186,209 )     9.3191  
Forfeited/Cancelled     (6,625 )     4.0779  
Options unvested at December 31, 2020     438,291       6.2904  
Granted     14,000       5.5352  
Vested     (312,997 )     6.7790  
Forfeited/Cancelled    
-
     
-
 
Options unvested at June 30, 2021 (unaudited)     139,294       5.1164  

Of the shares covered by options outstanding under the Aircom 2017 Plan as of June 30, 2021, 953,517 (unaudited) are now exercisable; 117,944 (unaudited) shares will be exercisable for the twelve-month period ending June 30, 2022; 21,350 shares will be exercisable for the twelve-month period ending June 30, 2023. Information related to stock options outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2021, is as follows:

 

      Options Outstanding (Unaudited)     Options Exercisable (Unaudited)  
Range of
Exercise
Prices
    Shares
Outstanding at
6/30/2021
   

Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)

  Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
    Shares
Exercisable at
6/30/2021
    Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (years)
  Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
$ 3.96       327,000     8.01   $ 3.9600       245,250     8.01   $ 3.9600  
  7.00 – 9.00       310,997     9.42     8.2766       304,997     9.41     8.2968  
  11.00 – 14.20       103,400     8.22     11.4426       59,856     8.17     11.9196  
  20.50 – 27.50       141,000     6.41     24.3638       133,000     6.38     24.5962  
  30.00 – 35.00       124,000     6.00     34.4012       124,000     6.00     34.4012  
          1,006,397     7.99     12.6721       867,103     7.98     13.5534  

 

As of June 30, 2021, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to stock options was approximately $334,000 (unaudited), which is expected to be recognized on a straight-line basis over a weighted average period of approximately 1.05 years. No option was exercised during the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020.